Schlumberger Announces Second-quarter 2018 Results

Source Press Release
Company Schlumberger 
Tags Financial & Operating Data, Strategy - Corporate
Date July 20, 2018
  • Revenue of $8.3 billion increased 6% sequentially
  • Pretax operating income of $1.1 billion increased 12% sequentially
  • Second-quarter GAAP EPS, including charges of $0.12 per share, was $0.31
  • Second-quarter EPS, excluding charges, was $0.43
  • Cash flow from operations was $987 million

Schlumberger Limited (NYSE: SLB) today reported results for the second quarter of 2018.

           
          (Stated in millions, except per share amounts) 
          Three Months Ended            Change 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017      Sequential      Year-on-year 
Revenue          $8,303      $7,829      $7,462      6%      11% 
Pretax operating income          $1,094      $974      $950      12%      15% 
Pretax operating margin          13.2%      12.4%      12.7%      75 bps      45 bps 
Net income - GAAP basis          $430      $525      $(74)      -18%      n/m 
Net income, excluding charges & credits*          $594      $525      $488      13%      22% 
Diluted EPS - GAAP basis          $0.31      $0.38      $(0.05)      -18%      n/m 
Diluted EPS, excluding charges & credits*          $0.43      $0.38      $0.35      13%      23% 
                                   
*These are non-GAAP financial measures. See section below entitled "Charges & Credits" for details. 
n/m = not meaningful 
 

Schlumberger Chairman and CEO Paal Kibsgaard commented, “The second quarter was both busy and exciting for  Schlumberger as we completed a number of major milestones in preparation for the broad-based global activity upturn that is now emerging. We delivered solid top-line growth both in North America and the international markets, building on our strong contract portfolios and our recent tender wins. We mobilized an unprecedented 29 new rigs for our international integrated drilling business, including our first commercial Land Rig of the Future deployment in Saudi Arabia. We successfully rolled out our new, streamlined operations support organization, building on five years of methodical investment to further professionalize all aspects of our work, which will set new standards for internal efficiency, quality, teamwork, and collaboration. As part of this, we made the last adjustment to our organizational setup in the second quarter to conclude the removal of one complete layer of our management and support structure. This will further reduce our cost base, and improve our agility and competitiveness going forward.

“Given the considerable number of new projects we are starting up throughout our international operations, our organization has responded well to both mobilization and project startup challenges. However, the associated costs together with some operational delays impacted our second-quarter pretax operating margins. This resulted in our sequential margin expansion being below our expectations.

“In North America, excluding Cameron, second-quarter revenue of $2.5 billion increased 12% sequentially as we continued our deployment of additional hydraulic fracturing and directional drilling capacity. Despite the impact of the spring breakup in Canada, North America Land revenue grew 9%, driven by market share gains and operational efficiency improvements while pricing remained flat. In the hydraulic fracturing market, we are seeing an accelerating customer trend of separating the procurement of pumping services and sand supply. As our multiyear vertical integration investment program approaches completion, it enables us to bid competitively on integrated or stand-alone sand contracts. North America Offshore activity began to recover during the second quarter with new drillingprojects starting up in Eastern Canada, the US Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean, resulting in sequential offshore revenue growth of 22%.

“Excluding Cameron, second-quarter revenue in the international markets of $4.4 billion grew 6% sequentially despite flat revenue in Russia, and only nominal growth in the Middle East, where startup and project delays affected our results. Sequential growth was driven by an 18% improvement in Asia and Australia, 9% in Europe and Africa, and 3% in Latin America. These figures confirm that a much broader-based international recovery is now emerging. Pricing improved in the international markets during the second quarter, and while the numbers are not yet material, a trend has been established and customer pricing discussions are continuing both for new and existing contracts. With a number of large-scale project awards absorbing our remaining spare capacity in both drilling and production services, our equipment will be fully deployed during the fourth quarter, after which we expect a further strengthening of the international pricing recovery.

“Growth in the second quarter was led by Production where revenue increased sequentially by 10%, driven by OneStimSM in North America. Revenue from both Reservoir Characterization and Drilling increased 5% sequentially due to higher international activity beyond the seasonal rebounds in the Northern Hemisphere. The increase in revenue was driven by higher OneSurfaceSM activity, additional Software Integrated Solutions (SIS) sales, and the start of integrated drilling projects in the Middle East, India, Mexico, and offshore North America. Cameron revenue decreased 1% sequentially on lower OneSubseaTM project volume, although this was partially offset by higher service activity in North America for Surface Systems and higher product sales for Valves & Measurement.

“The market fundamentals continue to evolve favorably for our international business as the global balance of crude oil supply and demand tightens further. Global GDP growth remains strong, with any impact of headwinds from the US-China trade dispute likely to become clearer in the next few quarters. Despite OPEC’s recent decision to increase production, the global supply base continues to weaken from geopolitical pressure to remove Iranian production from the market, no apparent resolution to falling production in Venezuela, and Libyan exports continuing to be volatile. In North America, lack of additional pipeline capacity in the Permian Basin is becoming an increasing constraint to production growth. At the same time, spare production capacity, which is essentially limited to only a few OPEC countries, is now nearing its lowest level for more than a decade while decline in the world’s mature production base continues to accelerate. These developments underline the growing need for E&P spending to increase significantly, particularly in the international markets, as it is becoming more and more apparent that the new projects expected to come online during the next few years will not be sufficient to meet the increasing demand.

“These views underpin the strong confidence we have in our business outlook. Although the last four years have been marked by the deepest downturn in generations, we have capitalized on a number of market opportunities while simultaneously transforming our company to be even more competitive in the broad-based recovery that is now emerging. The expansion of our portfolio has significantly increased our total addressable market by 50% and we have reached new levels of efficiency in all our activities. We are primed and ready to capture the growth opportunities coming from the positive market fundamentals, and we are excited by the activity and pricing opportunities that the new industry landscape presents.”

Other Events

During the quarter, Schlumberger repurchased 1.5 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $68.45 per share, for a total purchase price of $103 million.

On July 18, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.50 per share of outstanding common stock, payable on October 12, 2018 to stockholders of record on September 5, 2018.

Consolidated Revenue by Area

 
          (Stated in millions) 
          Three Months Ended      Change 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017      Sequential      Year-on-year 
North America          $3,139      $2,835      $2,202      11%      43% 
Latin America          919      870      1,039      6%      -12% 
Europe/CIS/Africa          1,778      1,704      1,750      4%      2% 
Middle East & Asia          2,367      2,309      2,347      3%      1% 
Other          99      111      124      n/m      n/m 
          $8,303      $7,829      $7,462      6%      11% 
                                   
North America revenue          $3,139      $2,835      $2,202      11%      43% 
International revenue          $5,065      $4,883      $5,136      4%      -1% 
                                   
North America revenue, excluding Cameron          $2,528      $2,265      $1,728      12%      46% 
International revenue, excluding Cameron          $4,358      $4,129      $4,348      6%     
n/m = not meaningful 
 

Second-quarter consolidated revenue of $8.3 billion increased 6% sequentially, with North America revenue of $3.1 billion growing 11% and international revenue of $5.1 billion increasing 4%.

North America

North America Area consolidated revenue increased 11% sequentially following the continued deployment of additional hydraulic fracturing and directional drilling capacity. Despite the impact of the spring breakup in Canada, North America Land revenue grew 9% sequentially, outperforming both the 7% increase in US land rig count and the 8% growth in US land market stage count. This performance was driven by market share gains and operational efficiency improvements as pricing remained flat. Activity in the US land market continued to be strong as customers developed more effective well designs, balancing lateral length and completion volumes to maximize productivity while managing overall cost. The customer trend of separating the procurement of pumping services and sand supply accelerated during the quarter. However, the vertical integration of the Schlumberger offering provides maximum potential for revenue from both integrated pumping services and sand supply contracts. As a result, OneStim revenue grew 17% sequentially. North America Offshore activity began to recover, with new drilling projects starting up in Eastern Canada, the US Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean, resulting in sequential revenue growth of 22% boosted by market share gains and multiclient sales. Higher service revenue and product sales in Valves & Measurement, together with increased activity for Surface Systems, also contributed to the Area’s strong financial performance.

International

Consolidated revenue in the Latin America Area increased 6% sequentially due to strong performance in the Latin America South GeoMarket as a result of higher Cameron activity and increased hydraulic fracturing stage count, as well as increased coiled tubing activity on unconventional land operations in Argentina. Revenue in the Mexico & Central America GeoMarket also increased following the start up of Integrated Drilling Services (IDS) activity, while revenue in the Latin America North GeoMarket was essentially flat sequentially.

Europe/CIS/Africa Area consolidated revenue increased 4% as drilling activity recovered from the winter slowdowns in the North Sea and Europe. Revenue in Sub-Sahara Africa increased from the start of new projects in Angola, Nigeria, Ghana, Ivory Coast, and Cameroon; North Africa increased from higher activity and product sales in Algeria, Libya, and Chad; and Russia was essentially flat sequentially due to delays in the startup of the summer offshore campaigns. Revenue growth in the North Sea resulted from higher UK and Norway drilling activity as the rig count increased, while in Continental Europe revenue increased mainly from higher drillingactivity in Romania.

Consolidated revenue in the Middle East & Asia Area increased 3% sequentially, led by stronger activity in the Far East Asia & Australia GeoMarket, mainly in Indonesia, offshore Australia, and from a seasonal recovery in China. In the Northern Middle East GeoMarket, progress was strong on OneSurface integrated production system projects in Kuwait and Egypt, while the Eastern Middle East GeoMarket benefited from the start up of IDS projects in Iraq. In the South & East Asia GeoMarket, operations began on drillingprojects in Myanmar, Vietnam, and India. In Saudi Arabia, sequential revenue growth was limited by delays and logistical challenges in the startup phases of some lump-sum turnkey (LSTK) projects. Cameron revenue was sequentially lower in the Far East Asia & Australia and Northern Middle East GeoMarkets, partially offsetting the effects of the strengthening activity across the Area.

Reservoir Characterization

 
          (Stated in millions) 
          Three Months Ended      Change 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017      Sequential      Year-on-year 
Revenue          $1,636      $1,556      $1,759      5%      -7% 
Pretax operating income          $350      $307      $299      14%      17% 
Pretax operating margin          21.4%      19.7%      17.0%      166 bps      439 bps 
 

Reservoir Characterization revenue of $1.6 billion, of which 75% came from the international markets, increased 5% sequentially due to higher activity beyond the seasonal rebounds in the Northern Hemisphere. Growth was mainly due to higher Wireline activity from new projects offshore North America and new contracts in the Far East Asia & Australia GeoMarket; further progress on OneSurface integrated production system projects in Kuwait and Egypt; and increased SIS software maintenance and license sales in Mexico, Brazil, Russia, and Kuwait. The increase in Reservoir Characterization revenue was partially offset by reduced WesternGeco activity as marine seismic acquisition contracts continued to wind down.

Reservoir Characterization pretax operating margin of 21% was 166 basis points (bps) higher sequentially due to the recovery in higher-margin Wireline activity and stronger sales of SIS software licenses.

Reservoir Characterization benefited from Integrated Services Management (ISM), SIS, and WesternGeco contract awards as well as the application of technology and domain knowledge to strengthen operational performance.

In Alaska, ISM helped a major independent E&P company complete a six-well exploration campaign within the originally approved five-well budget. The ISM team optimized the delivery of technologies and services from multiple product lines, which confirmed the presence of oil and verified the potential of the play. The technologies included Microscope HD* resistivity- and high-definition imaging-while-drilling service, proVISION* nuclear magnetic resonance service, SonicScope* multipole sonic-while-drilling service, and Saturn* 3D radial probe.

International Frontier Resources Corporation awarded SIS a software as a service contract (SaaS) for the DELFI* cognitive E&P environment for the characterization of reservoirs with complex structural and stratigraphic challenges in its operations in the Tecolutla Project.

In Indonesia, Pertamina Hulu Mahakam awarded  Schlumberger a three-year contract for the provision of E&P software. The software includes OLGA* dynamic multiphase flow, PIPESIM* steady-state multiphase flow, and ECLIPSE* industry-reference reservoir simulators; ProSource* E&P data management and delivery system; and Petrel* E&P software and Avocet* production operations software platforms.

In Thailand, Wireline deployed a combination of advanced reservoir sampling technologies in the Wassana Field for KrisEnergy Thailand to reduce rig time by more than three days compared with conventional sampling methods. These had resulted in contaminated samples and a clogged pump due to the reservoir’s heavy oil and unconsolidated sands. The combination of Saturn 3D radial probe, InSitu Fluid Analyzer* real-time downhole fluid analysis system, and MDT* modular formation dynamics tester technologies enabled the customer to certify the reservoir’s reserves and optimize future development plans.

Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) and  Schlumberger have signed a minimum 15-year agreement that gives WesternGeco permission to commercialize multiclient projects throughout the entire Gulf of Suez, an area of approximately 12,500 km2. The agreement, which is the second of its type, includes 2D and 3D geophysical acquisition, processing, reprocessing, and interpretation services.

Lundin awarded WesternGeco the data processing and imaging of a 70-km2 ocean-bottom seismic (OBS) 4D reservoir monitoring survey over the Edvard Grieg Field in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. Work will be performed by the OBS processing teams in the WesternGeco Geosolutions Center using a bespoke time-lapse workflow to increase reservoir understanding and help direct fielddevelopment decisions.

WesternGeco received a direct award from Sound Energy for a 2,700-km 2D survey using UniQ* land seismic acquisition platform technology over the Meridja and Tendrara Fields in Morocco. The project includes electromagnetics, magnetotellurics, surface wave joint inversion, and data processing methods—all conducted in the Schlumberger Integrated EM Center of Excellence.

Drilling

 
          (Stated in millions) 
          Three Months Ended      Change 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017      Sequential      Year-on-year 
Revenue          $2,234      $2,126      $2,107      5%      6% 
Pretax operating income          $289      $293      $302      -1%      -4% 
Pretax operating margin          12.9%      13.8%      14.3%      -83 bps      -139 bps 
 

Drilling revenue of $2.2 billion, of which 72% came from the international markets, increased 5% sequentially due to higher activity offshore North America and stronger international activity beyond the seasonal rebounds in the Northern Hemisphere. The start of IDS projects in the Middle East, India, and Mexico favorably impacted M-I SWACO, Drilling & Measurements, and Bits & Drilling Tools. New projects in the North America Offshore GeoMarket and new contracts in the Far East Asia & Australia GeoMarket, the Middle East, and the Mexico & Central America GeoMarket drove the growth in M-I SWACO. Drilling & Measurements revenue increased from new drilling campaigns in Australia, China, Romania, and the North Sea. Stronger Bits & Drilling Tools revenue was due to higher product sales in Algeria and Italy.

Drilling pretax operating margin of 13% declined 83 bps sequentially as the mobilization of resources for new projects across our international operations resulted in additional costs.

Drilling performance in the second quarter was underpinned by IDS contract awards and project mobilizations that deployed drillingtechnologies to help lower the cost per barrel.

Equinor awarded Schlumberger new integrated services and well services contracts for Equinor-operated fields on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. Initially awarded for four years, the contracts include options for five two-year extensions. The contract scope includes integrated drilling services, cementing and pumping, drilling and completions fluids, electrical logging, and completions. The integrated delivery model will strengthen the interaction between the service supplier, rig supplier, and operator. In addition, a letter of intent has been signed with  Schlumberger for a future exploration rig not yet chartered by Equinor.

Equinor also awarded Schlumberger the following new contracts for its international operations.

  • In the UK, a letter of intent was issued for integrated drilling and well services in the Mariner Field in the UK sector of the North Sea.
  • In Brazil, a contract was awarded for integrated drilling services for Phase I and Phase II development of the Peregrino Fieldlocated in the Campos Basin.
  • In Tanzania, a contract was awarded for an offshore exploration well. The integrated services contract includes the provision of multiple product lines as well as project management services.

In Wyoming, Schlumberger used a combination of technologies in an integrated drilling services project for Wold Energy Partners to reduce drilling time in four wells in the Powder River Basin by a total of more than 16 days compared with AFE. Technologies included ONYX 360* rolling PDC cutter, PowerDrive vorteX* powered rotary steerable system, and LiteCRETE* lightweight cement slurry.

In Iraq, ENI Iraq BV awarded  Schlumberger an IDS contract, starting in 2018, for the construction of 11 wells targeting the Mishrif Formation in the Zubair Field. The contract includes technologies from  Schlumberger Land Rigs, Drilling & Measurements, Bits & Drilling Tools, M-I SWACO, Completions, Wireline, and Well Services.

In Norway, Point Resources AS awarded Schlumberger a four-year IDS contract with an option for extension. The contract provides services in production and exploration wells on the Norwegian Continental Shelf and includes the majority of drilling and completions services.

In Bangladesh, SOCAR AQS International DMCC awarded  Schlumberger a 12-month IDS contract to drill wells in three different fields—Semutang, Begumganj, and Madarganj.

In Oman, IDS enabled HydroCarbon Finder E&P to reduce drilling time in a well by 14 days compared with the AFE plan. The technologies deployed included the EcoScope*† multifunction logging-while-drilling service, PowerDrive Archer* high build rate rotary steerable system, PeriScope* bed boundary mapping service, and MicroScope* resistivity- and imaging-while-drilling service. This wellis the customer’s first discovery in Block-15 in the Natih-C Formation.

In Alaska, Drilling & Measurements used a combination of technologies to help a North Slope operator to drill the longest horizontal lateral in North America of 21,748 ft. The technologies used in this dual-lateral well included the PowerDrive Orbit* rotary steerable system, PeriScope HD* multilayer bed boundary detection service, and SonicScope multipole sonic-while-drilling service.

Production

 
          (Stated in millions) 
          Three Months Ended      Change 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017      Sequential      Year-on-year 
Revenue          $3,257      $2,959      $2,496      10%      30% 
Pretax operating income          $316      $216      $221      46%      43% 
Pretax operating margin          9.7%      7.3%      8.9%      239 bps      84 bps 
 

Production revenue of $3.3 billion, of which 48% came from the international markets, increased 10% sequentially. Despite the impact of the spring breakup in Canada, OneStim revenue in North America land grew 17% sequentially, outperforming both the 7% increase in US land rig count and the 8% growth in US land market stage count. This performance was driven by market share gains from deployment of additional capacity and operational efficiency improvements as pricing remained flat. The customer trend of separating the procurement of pumping services and sand supply accelerated during the quarter. However, the vertical integration of the Schlumberger offering enabled participation in both integrated and stand-alone sand contracts to maintain the full revenue potential of both pumping services and sand supply. New contracts outside North America in Australia, Indonesia, India, and the seasonal recovery in China contributed to international growth, while activity in Saudi Arabia benefited from increased stimulation and coiled tubing work as well as from higher completions product sales.

Production pretax operating margin of 10% increased 239 bps sequentially due to the increased activity and operational efficiency improvements of OneStim hydraulic fracturing operations in the North America Land GeoMarket. Margin also improved due to the benefits from the vertical integration of the pressure pumping business.

Production benefited from increased OneStim operations as well as new contract awards and the deployment of advanced stimulation and completions technologies.

In South Texas, OneStim executed a project for Chesapeake Energy to continuously improve operational efficiency in the Eagle Ford Shale play. Through waste identification and elimination, standardized procedures, and technology implementation, OneStim increased total operating time and productivity. Results included a 50% improvement in pad-to-pad mobilization time, a 55% increase in stages placed per day, and a 17% increase in pumping hours per day. On average, Chesapeake saved $150,000 per pad and reduced operating time on each pad by four days.

In South Texas, OneStim used a geoengineered approach to help Lonestar Resources Ltd. increase oil production up to 86% compared with offset wells in the Eagle Ford Shale play. A combination of technologies enabled optimization of drilling, completions, and stimulation plans across long laterals in 18 wells in two fields while avoiding drilling challenges associated with ash beds, faults, and nearby water-bearing zones. The geoengineered wells produced more hydrocarbon per 1,000 ft of lateral section compared with offset wells. On average, six oil wells produced 80% more and four wells in a high gas-to-oil ratio area produced 86% more. ThruBit* through-the-bit logging services improved knowledge of rock properties while the Kinetix Shale* reservoir-centric stimulation-to-production software was used to optimize completion and stimulation treatments.

In Russia, Well Services deployed the BroadBand Precision* integrated completion service for Gazprom Neft to reduce operating time in a well by more than eight days compared with the planned AFE. The reservoir’s complex geology favored a horizontal well with multistage stimulation. BroadBand Precision service set a new field record by completing 30 fracturing stages within 220 hours, which was approximately 53% faster than originally planned.

In Colombia, Ecopetrol awarded  Schlumberger a six-year contract for the provision of Artificial Lift Solutions electric submersible pumps (ESPs) and supporting services throughout the country. This will include REDA Maximus* ESP systems equipped with REDA Continuum* unconventional extended-life ESP stages to accommodate a broad range of expected production volumes.

In North Kuwait, Well Services deployed ACTive* real-time downhole coiled tubing services and the OpenPath Reach* extended-contact stimulation service for Kuwait Oil Company to increase total oil production fourfold in four wells in the Sabriya Field. VDA* viscoelastic diverting fluid was deployed to block off a thief zone in a long horizontal water injector well and the OpenPath Reach stimulation treatment created a network of wormholes in the reservoir. This resulted in a 400-psi increase in the reservoir’s bottomhole pressure, improving the effectiveness of the waterflood system while eliminating the need for a workover rig.

In Sakhalin, Schlumberger Completions installed the Manara* production and reservoir management system to enhance production in the Odoptu Field for the Sakhalin-1 Project.

Cameron

 
          (Stated in millions) 
          Three Months Ended      Change 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017      Sequential      Year-on-year 
Revenue          $1,295      $1,310      $1,265      -1%      2% 
Pretax operating income          $166      $166      $174          -5% 
Pretax operating margin          12.8%      12.7%      13.8%      17 bps      -94 bps 
 

Cameron revenue of $1.3 billion, of which 52% came from international markets, declined 1% sequentially primarily due to lower OneSubsea revenue on a declining project backlog. This decline was partially offset by higher service activity for Surface Systems in North America and higher product sales for Valves & Measurement, while Drilling Systems revenue was essentially flat sequentially. By geography, North America and Latin America revenue grew sequentially, but this was more than offset by lower revenue in Middle East & Asia, while Europe/CIS/Africa revenue was flat.

Cameron pretax operating margin of 13% was essentially flat sequentially, as increased sales in Surface Systems and Valves & Measurement, combined with improved project execution in OneSubsea, offset the impact of falling margin in Drilling Systems from the declining backlog.

Cameron won new contracts during the quarter for managed pressure drilling (MPD) systems and integrated drilling packages as wellas integrated services contracts for pressure control equipment management and production enhancement.

Transocean awarded Schlumberger a contract for the provision of key components for two MPD systems for use offshore in the US Gulf of Mexico. The MPD system provides greater control of the annular pressure profile throughout the wellbore and enables drilling of narrow-pressure margin formations safely and more efficiently.

In Norway, Transocean added four floating rigs operating in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea to an existing pressure control equipment management service contract with Schlumberger for a period of 10 years. With this agreement,  Schlumberger provides a comprehensive suite of solutions that support maintenance and service of blowout preventer systems and other pressure control equipment for 13 of Transocean’s ultradeepwater and harsh environment drilling rigs.

In Russia, LUKOIL awarded Schlumberger a contract for the provision of a complete drilling package, including pressure control and rig equipment, fluid and solids handling, and a cementing unit for operations in the Caspian Sea. Construction of the rig, which will occur in Astrakhan, is expected to begin in the third quarter of 2019.

Murphy Sabah Oil Co., Ltd. awarded Schlumberger an integrated services contract for a three-well production enhancement campaign offshore in the Siakap North-Petai Field in Malaysia. Contract scope includes project management and vessel services, wellstimulation, fluid and pumping services, coiled tubing services, and a OneSubsea MARS* multiple application reinjection system as wellas a subsea modular injection system.

 
Financial Tables 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income (Loss) 
(Stated in millions, except per share amounts) 
           
          Second Quarter      Six Months 
Periods Ended June 30,          2018      2017      2018      2017 
                             
Revenue          $8,303      $7,462      $16,131      $14,356 
Interest and other income          40      62      82      108 
Expenses                             
Cost of revenue          7,179      6,468      13,980      12,544 
Research & engineering          175      196      347      406 
General & administrative          114      110      225      208 
Impairments & other (1)          184      510      184      510 
Merger & integration (1)              81          164 
Interest          144      142      287      281 
Income before taxes          $547      $17      $1,190      $351 
Tax expense (1)          106      98      219      148 
Net income (loss)          $441      $(81)      $971      $203 
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests          11      (7)      16      (2) 
Net income (loss) attributable to Schlumberger (1)          $430      $(74)      $955      $205 
                             
Diluted earnings (loss) per share of Schlumberger (1)          $0.31      $(0.05)      $0.69      $0.15 
                             
Average shares outstanding          1,384      1,387      1,385      1,390 
Average shares outstanding assuming dilution          1,392      1,387      1,393      1,397 
                             
Depreciation & amortization included in expenses (2)          $876      $986      $1,750      $1,975 
 
(1)      See section entitled “Charges & Credits” for details. 
(2)      Includes depreciation of property, plant and equipment and amortization of intangible assets, multiclient seismic data costs and SPM investments. 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet 
 
(Stated in millions) 
                   
          Jun. 30,        Dec. 31, 
Assets          2018        2017 
Current Assets                   
Cash and short-term investments          $3,049        $5,089 
Receivables          8,606        8,084 
Other current assets          5,245        5,324 
          16,900        18,497 
Fixed assets          11,504        11,576 
Multiclient seismic data          686        727 
Goodwill          25,121        25,118 
Intangible assets          9,092        9,354 
Other assets          6,853        6,715 
          $70,156        $71,987 
                   
Liabilities and Equity                   
Current Liabilities                   
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities          $9,367        $10,036 
Estimated liability for taxes on income          1,264        1,223 
Short-term borrowings and current portion                   
of long-term debt          3,736        3,324 
Dividends payable          699        699 
          15,066        15,282 
Long-term debt          13,865        14,875 
Deferred taxes          1,541        1,650 
Postretirement benefits          971        1,082 
Other liabilities          1,816        1,837 
          33,259        34,726 
Equity          36,897        37,261 
          $70,156        $71,987 
         
 
Liquidity 
 
(Stated in millions) 
Components of Liquidity          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Dec. 31, 2017      Jun. 30, 2017 
Cash and short-term investments          $3,049        $4,165        $5,089        $6,218 
Fixed income investments, held to maturity                            13 
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt          (3,736)        (4,586)        (3,324)        (2,224) 
Long-term debt          (13,865)        (13,526)        (14,875)        (16,600) 
Net Debt (1)          $(14,552)        $(13,947)        $(13,110)        $(12,593) 
                                   
Details of changes in liquidity follow:                                   
                                   
                  Six        Second        Six 
                  Months        Quarter        Months 
Periods Ended June 30,                  2018        2018        2017 
Net income before noncontrolling interests                  $971        $441        $203 
Impairment and other charges, net of tax before noncontrolling interests                  164        164        643 
                  $1,135        $605        $846 
Depreciation and amortization (2)                  1,750        876        1,975 
Stock-based compensation expense                  176        86        180 
Pension and other postretirement benefits funding                  (74)        (35)        (74) 
Change in working capital                  (1,338)        (502)        (1,339) 
Other                  (94)        (43)        (74) 
Cash flow from operations (3)                  $1,555        $987        $1,514 
Capital expenditures                  (974)        (520)        (884) 
SPM investments                  (434)        (194)        (328) 
Multiclient seismic data capitalized                  (47)        (21)        (190) 
Free cash flow (4)                  100        252        112 
Dividends paid                  (1,385)        (693)        (1,393) 
Stock repurchase program                  (200)        (103)        (770) 
Proceeds from employee stock plans                  131              143 
                  (1,354)        (540)        (1,908) 
Business acquisitions and investments, net of cash acquired plus debt assumed                  (47)        (34)        (364) 
Other                  (41)        (31)        (200) 
Increase in Net Debt                  (1,442)        (605)        (2,472) 
Net Debt, beginning of period                  (13,110)        (13,947)        (10,121) 
Net Debt, end of period                  $(14,552)        $(14,552)        $(12,593) 
 
(1)      “Net Debt” represents gross debt less cash, short-term investments and fixed income investments, held to maturity. Management believes that Net Debt provides useful information regarding the level of Schlumberger’s indebtedness by reflecting cash and investments that could be used to repay debt. Net Debt is a non-GAAP financial measure that should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or superior to, total debt. 
(2)      Includes depreciation of property, plant and equipment and amortization of intangible assets, multiclient seismic data costs and SPM investments. 
(3)      Includes severance payments of $160 million and $84 million during the six months and second quarter ended June 30, 2018, respectively; and $230 million and $90 million during the six months and second quarter ended June 30, 2017, respectively. 
(4)      “Free cash flow” represents cash flow from operations less capital expenditures, SPM investments and multiclient seismic data costs capitalized. Management believes that free cash flow is an important liquidity measure for the company and that it is useful to investors and management as a measure of Schlumberger’s ability to generate cash. Once business needs and obligations are met, this cash can be used to reinvest in the company for future growth or to return to shareholders through dividend payments or share repurchases. Free cash flow does not represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures. Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that should be considered in addition to, not as substitute for or superior to, cash flow from operations. 
 

Charges & Credits

In addition to financial results determined in accordance with US generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), this second-quarter2018 earnings release also includes non-GAAP financial measures (as defined under the SEC’s Regulation G). Net income, excluding charges & credits, as well as measures derived from it (including diluted EPS, excluding charges & credits; Schlumberger net income, excluding charges & credits; and effective tax rate, excluding charges & credits) are non-GAAP financial measures. Management believes that the exclusion of charges & credits from these financial measures enables it to evaluate more effectively  Schlumberger’s operations period over period and to identify operating trends that could otherwise be masked by the excluded items. These measures are also used by management as performance measures in determining certain incentive compensation. The foregoing non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or superior to, other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. The following is a reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to the comparable GAAP measures.

 
(Stated in millions, except per share amounts) 
 
          Second Quarter 2018 
          Pretax      Tax      Noncont. Interests      Net      Diluted EPS 
Schlumberger net income (GAAP basis)          $547      $106      $11      $430      $0.31 
Workforce reductions          184      20          164      0.12 
Schlumberger net income, excluding charges & credits          $731      $126      $11      $594      $0.43 
                                   
          Six Months 2018 
          Pretax      Tax      Noncont. Interests      Net      Diluted EPS * 
Schlumberger net income (GAAP basis)          $1,190      $219      $16      $955      $0.69 
Workforce reductions          184      20          164      0.12 
Schlumberger net income, excluding charges & credits          $1,374      $239      $16      $1,119      $0.80 
                                   
          Second Quarter 2017 
          Pretax      Tax      Noncont. Interests      Net      Diluted EPS * 
Schlumberger net loss (GAAP basis)          $17      $98      $(7)      $(74)      $(0.05) 
Promissory note fair value adjustment and other          510          12      498      0.36 
Merger & integration          81      17          64      0.05 
Schlumberger net income, excluding charges & credits          $608      $115      $5      $488      $0.35 
                                   
          Six Months 2017 
          Pretax      Tax      Noncont. Interests      Net      Diluted EPS * 
Schlumberger net income (GAAP basis)          $351      $148      ($2)      $205      $0.15 
Promissory note fair value adjustment and other          510          12      498      0.36 
Merger & integration          164      31          133      0.10 
Schlumberger net income, excluding charges & credits          $1,025      $179      $10      $836      $0.60 
 
* Does not add due to rounding 
There were no charges or credits during the first quarter of 2018. 
 
 
Segments 
 
(Stated in millions) 
          Three Months Ended 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Mar. 31, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017 
          Revenue      Income Before Taxes      Revenue      Income Before Taxes      Revenue      Income Before Taxes 
Reservoir Characterization          $1,636      $350      $1,556      $307      $1,759      $299 
Drilling          2,234      289      2,126      293      2,107      302 
Production          3,257      316      2,959      216      2,496      221 
Cameron          1,295      166      1,310      166      1,265      174 
Eliminations & other          (119)      (27)      (122)      (8)      (165)      (46) 
Pretax operating income                1,094            974            950 
Corporate & other                (239)            (225)            (242) 
Interest income(1)                11            25            28 
Interest expense(1)                (135)            (131)            (128) 
Charges & credits                (184)                      (591) 
          $8,303      $547      $7,829      $643      $7,462      $17 
 
(Stated in millions) 
          Six Months Ended 
          Jun. 30, 2018      Jun. 30, 2017 
          Revenue      Income Before Taxes      Revenue      Income Before Taxes 
Reservoir Characterization          $3,192      $657      $3,377      $580 
Drilling          4,360      582      4,092      531 
Production          6,216      532      4,683      331 
Cameron          2,605      332      2,494      336 
Eliminations & other          (242)      (35)      (290)      (71) 
Pretax operating income                2,068            1,707 
Corporate & other                (464)            (480) 
Interest income(1)                36            52 
Interest expense(1)                (266)            (254) 
Charges & credits                (184)            (674) 
          $16,131      $1,190      $14,356      $351 
 
(1) Excludes interest included in the Segments results. 
 
 
Supplemental Information 
 
1)    What is the capex guidance for the full year 2018? 
    Capex (excluding multiclient and SPM investments) for the full year 2018 is expected to be approximately $2 billion, which is similar to the levels of 2017 and 2016. 
     
2)    What was the cash flow from operations for the second quarter of 2018? 
    Cash flow from operations for the second quarter of 2018 was $987 million and included $84 million of severance payments. 
     
3)    What was the cash flow from operations for the first half of 2018? 
    Cash flow from operations for the first half of 2018 was $1.6 billion and included approximately $160 million of severance payments. 
     
4)    What was included in “Interest and other income” for the second quarter of 2018? 
    “Interest and other income” for the second quarter of 2018 was $40 million. This amount consisted of earnings of equity method investments of $28 million and interest income of $12 million. 
     
5)    How did interest income and interest expense change during the second quarter of 2018? 
    Interest income of $12 million declined $16 million sequentially. Interest expense of $144 million was essentially flat sequentially. 
     
6)    What is the difference between pretax operating income and Schlumberger’s consolidated income before taxes? 
    The difference principally consists of corporate items, charges and credits, and interest income and interest expense not allocated to the segments as well as stock-based compensation expense, amortization expense associated with certain intangible assets, certain centrally managed initiatives, and other nonoperating items. 
     
7)    What was the effective tax rate (ETR) for the second quarter of 2018? 
    The ETR for the second quarter of 2018, calculated in accordance with GAAP, was 19.3% as compared to 17.6% for the first quarter of 2018. Excluding charges and credits, the ETR for the second quarter of 2018 was 17.2%. There were no charges and credits in the first quarter of 2018. 
     
8)    How many shares of common stock were outstanding as of June 30, 2018 and how did this change from the end of the previous quarter? 
    There were 1.384 billion shares of common stock outstanding as of June 30, 2018. The following table shows the change in the number of shares outstanding from March 31, 2018 to June 30, 2018. 
 
(Stated in millions) 
Shares outstanding at March 31, 2018            1,385 
Shares issued to optionees, less shares exchanged           
Vesting of restricted stock           
Shares issued under employee stock purchase plan           
Stock repurchase program            (1) 
Shares outstanding at June 30, 2018            1,384 
 
9)    What was the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the second quarter of 2018 and first quarter of 2018, and how does this reconcile to the average number of shares outstanding, assuming dilution used in the calculation of diluted earnings per share, excluding charges and credits? 
    The weighted average number of shares outstanding was 1.384 billion during the second quarter of 2018 and 1.385 billion during the first quarter of 2018. 
     
    The following is a reconciliation of the weighted average shares outstanding to the average number of shares outstanding, assuming dilution, used in the calculation of diluted earnings per share, excluding charges and credits. 
     
(Stated in millions) 
            Second Quarter 2018      First Quarter 2018 
Weighted average shares outstanding            1,384      1,385 
Assumed exercise of stock options               
Unvested restricted stock               
Average shares outstanding, assuming dilution            1,392      1,394 
 
10)    What are Schlumberger Production Management (SPM) projects and how does  Schlumberger recognize revenue from these projects? 
    SPM projects are focused on developing and comanaging production on behalf of Schlumberger customers under long-term agreements.  Schlumberger will invest its own services, products, and in some cases, cash, into the field development activities and operations. Although in certain arrangements  Schlumberger recognizes revenue and is paid for a portion of the services or products it provides, generally  Schlumberger will not be paid at the time of providing its services or upon delivery of its products. Instead,  Schlumberger recognizes revenue and is compensated based upon cash flow generated or on a fee-per-barrel basis. This may include certain arrangements whereby  Schlumberger is only compensated based upon incremental production it helps deliver above a mutually agreed baseline. 
     
11)    How are Schlumberger products and services that are invested in SPM projects accounted for? 
    Revenue and the related costs are recorded within the respective Schlumberger Segment for services and products that each Segment provides to  Schlumberger’s SPM projects. This revenue (which is based on arms-length pricing) and the related profit is then eliminated through an intercompany adjustment that is included within the “Eliminations & other” line (Note that the “Eliminations & other” line includes other items in addition to the SPM eliminations). The direct cost associated with providing Schlumberger services or products to SPM projects is then capitalized on the balance sheet. 
     
    These capitalized investments, which may be in the form of cash as well as the previously mentioned direct costs, are expensed in the income statement as the related production is achieved and associated revenue is recognized. This amortization expense is based on the units of production method, whereby each unit is assigned a pro-rata portion of the unamortized costs based on total estimated production. 
     
    SPM revenue along with the amortization of the capitalized investments and other operating costs incurred in the period are reflected within Production. 
     
12)    What was the unamortized balance of Schlumberger’s investment in SPM projects at June 30, 2018 and how did it change in terms of investment and amortization when compared to March 31, 2018? 
    The unamortized balance of Schlumberger’s investments in SPM projects was approximately $4.1 billion at both June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018. These amounts are included within Other Assets in Schlumberger’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The change in the unamortized balance of Schlumberger’s investment in SPM projects was as follows: 
 
(Stated in millions) 
Balance at March 31, 2018          $4,112 
SPM investments          194 
Amortization of SPM investment          (135) 
Translation & other          (95) 
Balance at June 30, 2018          $4,076 
 
13)    What was the amount of WesternGeco multiclient sales in the second quarter of 2018? 
    Multiclient sales, including transfer fees, were $117 million in the second quarter of 2018 and $119 million in the first quarter of 2018. 
     
14)    What was the WesternGeco backlog at the end of the second quarter of 2018? 
    The WesternGeco backlog, which is based on signed contracts with customers, was $317 million at the end of the second quarter of 2018. It was $358 million at the end of the first quarter of 2018. 
     
15)    What were the orders and backlog for the Cameron OneSubsea and Drilling Systems businesses? 
    The OneSubsea and Drilling Systems orders and backlog were as follows: 
 
          (Stated in millions) 
Orders          Second Quarter 2018      First Quarter 2018 
OneSubsea          $312      $329 
Drilling Systems          $288      $218  
Backlog (at the end of period)                 
OneSubsea          $1,654      $2,002 
Drilling Systems          $482      $398  
 
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