Royal Dutch Shell Plc 2nd Quarter 2021 and Half Year Unaudited Results

Source Press Release
Company Shell PlcCapricorn Energy PlcCheiron Petroleum CorporationCrescent Point Energy CorpPemex 
Tags Hydrogen, Renewable Energy, Power, Chemicals Activities, Refining & Marketing Activities, Strategy - Downstream, LNG & Gas Storage/Processing, Production/Development, Exploration, Upstream Activities, Strategy - Upstream, Capital Spending, People, Environment, ESG/CSR, Guidance, Strategy - Corporate, Financial & Operating Data
Date July 29, 2021
                                                     
 
SUMMARY OF UNAUDITED RESULTS 
Quarters  $ million    Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020  %⊃;    Reference  2021  2020 
3,428     5,660     (18,131)    -39  Income/(loss) attributable to shareholders    9,087     (18,155)    +150 
2,634     4,345     (18,377)    -39  CCS earnings attributable to shareholders  Note 2  6,980     (15,620)    +145 
5,534     3,234     638     +71  Adjusted Earnings⊃;  8,768     3,498     +151 
13,507     11,490     8,491       Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)  24,997     20,031      
12,617     8,294     2,563     +52  Cash flow from operating activities    20,910     17,415     +20 
(2,946)    (590)    (2,320)      Cash flow from investing activities    (3,535)    (5,039)     
9,671     7,704     243       Free cash flow  17,375     12,376      
4,383     3,974     3,617       Cash capital expenditure  8,357     8,587      
8,470     9,436     8,423     -10  Operating expenses  17,905     17,042     +5 
8,505     8,724     7,504     -3  Underlying operating expenses  17,228     16,105     +7 
3.2%  (4.7)%  (2.9)%    ROACE (Net income basis)  3.2%  (2.9)%   
4.9%  3.0%  5.3%    ROACE on an Adjusted Earnings plus Non-controlling interest (NCI) basis  4.9%  5.3%   
65,735     71,252     77,843       Net debt  65,735     77,843      
27.7%  29.9%  32.7%    Gearing  27.7%  32.7%   
3,254     3,489     3,379     -7  Total production available for sale (thousand boe/d)    3,371     3,549     -5 
0.44     0.73     (2.33)  -40  Basic earnings per share ($)    1.17     (2.33)    +150 
0.71     0.42     0.08     +69  Adjusted Earnings per share ($)  1.13     0.45     +151 
0.24     0.1735     0.16     +38  Dividend per share ($)    0.4135     0.32     +29 



1.     Q2 on Q1 change.

2.     Adjusted Earnings is defined as income/(loss) attributable to shareholders plus cost of supplies adjustment (see Note 2) and excluding identified items (see Reference A).




Second quarter 2021 income attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders was $3.4 billion, which included post-tax impairment charges of $1.8 billion and charges of $1.2 billion due to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives.




Adjusted Earnings for the quarter were $5.5 billion. Cost of supplies adjustment attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders for the second quarter 2021 was negative $0.8 billion.




Cash flow from operating activities for the second quarter 2021 was $12.6 billion, which included negative working capital movements of $1.6 billion. Cash flow from investing activities for the quarter was an outflow of $2.9 billion, mainly driven by capital expenditure and partly offset by proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment and businesses.




Compared with the first quarter 2021, current quarter Adjusted Earnings reflected higher realised oil prices, one-off favourable tax impacts, higher marketing margins and lower operating expenses. This was partly offset by lower contributions from trading and optimisation.




At the end of the second quarter 2021, net debt was $65.7 billion, compared with $71.3 billion at the end of the first quarter 2021, mainly driven by free cash flow generation in the quarter. Gearing was 27.7% at the end of the second quarter 2021, compared with 29.9% at the end of the first quarter 2021, mainly driven by net debt reduction and improved earnings.




Dividends declared to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders for the quarter amount to $0.24 per share. Share buybacks of $2 billion launched today which is targeted to be completed by the end of 2021.




This announcement, together with supplementary financial and operational disclosure and a separate press release for this quarter, is available at .



1. Not incorporated by reference.



SECOND QUARTER 2021 PORTFOLIO DEVELOPMENTS



Integrated Gas

In June 2021, the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities issued an order giving Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind (Atlantic Shores), the 50-50 joint venture between EDF Renewables North America and Shell New Energies US LLC (Shell), the right to provide clean offshore wind energy to power the state of New Jersey. Through a rigorous bid and selection process, Atlantic Shores won the rights to provide 1.5 gigawatts (GW) of renewable offshore energy, which is enough energy to power over 700,000 homes.

In July 2021, Shell Gas & Power Developments BV (Shell) and T-Systems International GmbH (T-Systems), Deutsche Telekom's corporate customers arm, have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to advance digital innovation as both companies accelerate their transitions to net-zero emissions. The MOU builds on an existing technological relationship between Shell and T-Systems. Under the terms of the agreement the two companies will pursue the net-zero goals of both companies, their supply chains and customers; collaborate on innovations and services to accelerate Shell’s digital transformation; and work together to identify opportunities to co-invest and participate in new business models focused on the decarbonisation of society.




In July 2021, Shell Trinidad and Tobago (through BG International, a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell plc) announced that production has started on Block 5C in the East Coast Marine Area (ECMA) in Trinidad and Tobago. This marks a significant milestone in the delivery of gas both domestically and internationally through Atlantic LNG, where Shell's equity in the Atlantic plant ranges from 46% to 57.5% in each of the four trains at the facility.






Upstream

In May 2021, Shell Petroleum N.V. signed an agreement with Malampaya Energy XP Pte Ltd (a subsidiary of Udenna Corporation) for the sale of its 100% shareholding in Shell Philippines Exploration B.V. (SPEX). SPEX holds a 45% operating interest in Service Contract 38 (SC38), which includes the producing Malampaya gas field. The base consideration for the sale is $380 million, with additional payments of up to $80 million between 2022 to 2024 contingent on asset performance and commodity prices. Subject to partner and regulatory approval, the transaction is targeted to complete by the end of 2021.




In July 2021, Shell Offshore Inc. announced the final investment decision for Whale, a deep-water development in the US Gulf of Mexico that features a 99% replicated hull and an 80% replication of the topsides from the Vito project.



Oil Products

In May 2021, Shell Oil Company reached an agreement for the sale of its interest in Deer Park Refining Limited Partnership, a 50-50 joint venture between Shell Oil Company and P.M.I. Norteamerica, S.A. De C.V. (a subsidiary of Petroleos Mexicanos, or Pemex). The transaction will transfer Shell’s interest in the partnership, and therefore full ownership of the refinery, to Pemex, subject to regulatory approvals. The transaction is expected to complete by the end of 2021. Shell Chemical L.P. will continue to operate its 100% owned Deer Park Chemicals facility located adjacent to the site.

In July 2021, Shell announced the start-up of Europe's largest polymer electrolyte membrane hydrogen electrolyser at its Energy and Chemicals Park Rheinland, producing green hydrogen. The project, backed by a European consortium, will accelerate hydrogen production and contribute to Europe’s goal to achieve climate neutrality. As part of the Refhyne European consortium and with European Commission funding through the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking, the fully operational plant is the first to use this technology at such a large scale in a refinery.




In July 2021, Shell Deutschland reached an agreement with Alcmene GmbH (part of the Liwathon Group) for the sale of its non-operated 37.5% shareholding in the Germany PCK Schwedt Refinery. The transaction is expected to close in the second half of 2021, subject to partner rights and regulatory approval.




The agreements for the sale of interests in Deer Park Refining Limited Partnership, the PCK Schwedt Refinery, Puget Sound Refinery and the Mobile Refinery (Chemicals), as well as completion of the sale of the Fredericia Refinery, reflect ongoing portfolio management activities as part of the Powering Progress strategy.


PERFORMANCE BY SEGMENT



                                                     
 
INTEGRATED GAS         
Quarters  $ million    Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020  %⊃;    Reference  2021  2020 
422     2,527     (7,959)    -83  Segment earnings    2,949     (6,147)    +148 
(1,187)    1,112     (8,321)      Of which: Identified items  (75)    (8,652)     
1,609     1,415     362     +14  Adjusted Earnings  3,025     2,506     +21 
3,364     3,206     2,767       Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)  6,571     6,650      
3,761     2,491     2,663     +51  Cash flow from operating activities    6,252     6,649     -6 
4,350     3,653     2,871     +19  Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements  8,003     6,224     +29 
880     1,015     736       Cash capital expenditure  1,895     1,618      
162     170     151     -5  Liquids production available for sale (thousand b/d)    166     157     +6 
4,502     4,621     4,369     -3  Natural gas production available for sale (million scf/d)    4,561     4,482     +2 
938     967     904     -3  Total production available for sale (thousand boe/d)    952     930     +2 
7.49     8.16     8.36     -8  LNG liquefaction volumes (million tonnes)    15.65     17.23     -9 
15.92     16.38     17.38     -3  LNG sales volumes (million tonnes)2    32.30     37.10     -13 



1.Q2 on Q1 change.

2.Prior period comparatives have been revised, and had been previously reported as Q1 2021: 15.80 million tonnes, Q2 2020: 16.65 million tonnes and half year 2020: 35.65 million tonnes.




Second quarter segment earnings were $422 million. This included losses of $781 million due to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and post-tax impairment charges of $494 million (see Note 7). These losses are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings for the quarter were $1,609 million.

Cash flow from operating activities for the quarter was $3,761 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation, as well as cash inflows from commodity derivatives in gas and power trading. This was partly offset by negative working capital movements.




Compared with the first quarter 2021, Integrated Gas Adjusted Earnings primarily reflected higher realised prices for LNG, oil and gas, lower comparative operating expenses due to credit provisions in the first quarter 2021 and favourable deferred tax movements. This was partly offset by lower contributions from trading and optimisation.

Compared with the first quarter 2021, total oil and gas production decreased by 3% mainly due to higher maintenance activities and field decline, partly offset by production sharing contract effects. LNG liquefaction volumes decreased by 8% due to higher maintenance activities and feedgas constraints.

Half year segment earnings were $2,949 million. This included gains on sale of assets of $1,097 million offset by post-tax impairment charges of $586 million and losses of $518 million due to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. These gains and losses are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings for the half year were $3,025 million.




Cash flow from operating activities for the half year was $6,252 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation, as well as cash inflows from commodity derivatives. This was partly offset by negative working capital movements.




Compared with the first half 2020, Integrated Gas Adjusted Earnings primarily reflected higher realised prices for oil, gas and LNG as well as favourable deferred tax movements. This was partly offset by lower contributions from trading and optimisation as well as higher operating expenses related to credit provisions.




Compared with the first half 2020, total oil and gas production increased by 2% mainly due to the restart of production at the Prelude floating LNG operations in Australia, increased demand, new fields, production sharing contract effects and lower maintenance activities. LNG liquefaction volumes decreased by 9% due to feedgas constraints and higher maintenance activities, partly offset by the restart of production at the Prelude floating LNG operations in Australia.


                                                     
 
UPSTREAM           
Quarters  $ million    Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020  %⊃;    Reference  2021  2020 
2,415     1,096     (6,721)    +120  Segment earnings    3,511     (7,584)    +146 
(53)    133     (5,209)      Of which: Identified items  80     (6,364)     
2,469     963     (1,512)    +156  Adjusted Earnings  3,432     (1,220)    +381 
6,714     5,387     1,674       Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)  12,100     6,510      
5,056     4,108     319     +23  Cash flow from operating activities    9,163     5,926     +55 
5,444     4,702     548     +16  Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements  10,146     4,265     +138 
1,696     1,534     1,876       Cash capital expenditure  3,229     4,397      
1,558     1,579     1,609     -1  Liquids production available for sale (thousand b/d)    1,568     1,670     -6 
4,082     5,126     4,673     -20  Natural gas production available for sale (million scf/d)    4,601     5,176     -11 
2,262     2,462     2,415     -8  Total production available for sale (thousand boe/d)    2,362     2,562     -8 



1.    Q2 on Q1 change.




Second quarter segment earnings were $2,415 million. This included a net charge of $164 million related to the sale of assets, losses of $129 million due to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and post-tax impairment charges of $91 million, partly offset by a gain of $325 million related to the impact of the strengthening Brazilian real on a deferred tax position. These net losses are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings were $2,469 million.

Cash flow from operating activities for the quarter was $5,056 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation, partly offset by negative working capital movements.




Compared with the first quarter 2021, Upstream Adjusted Earnings reflected higher realised oil prices, and the one-off release of a tax provision in Nigeria of $628 million.




Compared with the first quarter 2021, total production decreased by 8%, mainly due to unfavourable seasonal effects and higher maintenance activities.




Half year segment earnings were $3,511 million. This included a net gain of $247 million related to the sale of assets, and losses of $197 million due to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. These net gains are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings were $3,432 million.




Cash flow from operating activities for the half year was $9,163 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation, partly offset by negative working capital movements.




Compared with the first half 2020, Upstream Adjusted Earnings reflected higher realised oil and gas prices, the one-off release of a tax provision in Nigeria and lower depreciation.




Compared with the first half 2020, total production decreased by 8%, mainly due to higher maintenance activities and the impact of divestments.



                                                     
 
OIL PRODUCTS         
Quarters  $ million    Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020  %⊃;    Reference  2021  2020 
33     650     (3,023)    -95  Segment earnings⊃;    682     (811)    +184 
(1,267)    (227)    (5,433)   
 
Of which: Identified items  (1,494)    (4,585)     
1,299     877     2,411     +48  Adjusted Earnings⊃;  2,176     3,774     -42 
        Of which:         
112     (105)    1,500     +207  Refining & Trading⊃;    7     1,658     -100 
1,187     982     911     +21  Marketing⊃;    2,169     2,116     +3 
2,608     2,112     3,747       Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)  4,720     6,614      
        Of which:         
676     467     2,267       Refining & Trading⊃;    1,143     3,197      
1,932     1,646     1,479       Marketing⊃;    3,577     3,417      
2,213     893     (362)    +148  Cash flow from operating activities    3,106     4,516     -31 
3,365     3,313     2,430     +2  Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements  6,678     2,783     +140 
882     668     606       Cash capital expenditure  1,550     1,186      
1,833     1,751     1,944     +5  Refinery processing intake (thousand b/d)    1,792     2,170     -17 
4,552     4,164     4,041     +9  Oil Products sales volumes (thousand b/d)    4,359     4,659     -6 



1.    Q2 on Q1 change.

2.    Earnings are presented on a CCS basis (see Note 2).

3.    With effect from Q1 2021, changes are made in the cost and activity allocation between Marketing and Refining & Trading. This resulted in a net Q2 2021 charge of $45 million (half year 2021: $219 million) to Refining & Trading, with an offsetting amount in Marketing. This change does not impact consolidated Oil Products Adjusted Earnings.







Second quarter segment earnings were $33 million. This included post-tax impairment charges of $1,021 million, mainly related to refining assets classified as held for sale in the USA, and losses of $275 million due to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. These net losses are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings were $1,299 million.

Cash flow from operating activities for the second quarter 2021 was $2,213 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation and cost-of-sales adjustments, partly offset by negative working capital movements and cash outflows for commodity derivatives.




Compared with the first quarter 2021, Oil Products Adjusted Earnings reflected higher Retail margins, and higher contributions from trading and optimisation, partly offset by higher operating expenses driven by recovery in sales volumes.




Oil Products sales volumes increased due to higher demand and favourable seasonal effects.




•Refining & Trading Adjusted Earnings reflected higher realised refining margins (while Refining Adjusted Earnings still being negative), higher contributions from trading and optimisation and lower depreciation.

•Marketing Adjusted Earnings reflected higher Retail margins partly offset by higher operating expenses driven by recovery in sales volumes.




Refinery utilisation was 76% compared with 72% in the first quarter 2021, with higher demand and lower unplanned downtime in the second quarter 2021.




Half year segment earnings were $682 million. This included post-tax impairment charges of $1,130 million, redundancy and restructuring costs of $244 million, and losses of $105 million due to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. These net losses are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings were $2,176 million.




Cash flow from operating activities for the half year was $3,106 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation and cost-of-sales adjustments, partly offset by negative working capital movements and cash outflows for commodity derivatives.






         Page 5




     
 
ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
2ND QUARTER 2021 AND HALF YEAR UNAUDITED RESULTS 




Compared with the first half 2020, Oil Products Adjusted Earnings reflected lower contributions from trading and optimisation, lower realised refining margins, and higher operating expenses. These were partly offset by higher marketing margins.




Oil Products sales volumes increased due to higher demand compared with the first half 2020.




•Refining & Trading Adjusted Earnings reflected lower contributions from trading and optimisation, lower refining margins, and higher operating expenses. These were partly offset by higher Oil Sands margins and lower depreciation.

•Marketing Adjusted Earnings reflected higher sales volumes in Lubricants and Retail, partly offset by higher operating expenses.




Refinery utilisation was 74% compared with 75% in the first half 2020, with higher planned and unplanned downtime in the first quarter 2021.

                                                     
 
CHEMICALS         
Quarters  $ million    Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020  %⊃;    Reference  2021  2020 
462     689     164     -33  Segment earnings⊃;    1,152     311     +271 
(208)    (41)    (41)      Of which: Identified items  (248)    (43)     
670     730     206     -8  Adjusted Earnings⊃;  1,400     354     +295 
1,036     1,041     507       Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)  2,077     973      
1,133     324     734     +249  Cash flow from operating activities    1,457     556     +162 
1,225     1,045     304     +17  Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements  2,270     492     +361 
895     730     369       Cash capital expenditure  1,625     1,215      
3,609     3,583     3,623     +1  Chemicals sales volumes (thousand tonnes)    7,192     7,494     -4 



1.    Q2 on Q1 change.

2.    Earnings are presented on a CCS basis (see Note 2).




Second quarter segment earnings were $462 million. This included post-tax impairment charges of $180 million, which are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted earnings were $670 million.

Cash flow from operating activities for the quarter was $1,133 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation, the timing impact of dividends from Joint Ventures and Associates, partly offset by negative working capital movements.




Compared with the first quarter 2021, Chemicals Adjusted Earnings reflected higher base chemicals margins, partly offset by lower intermediate margins, and higher operating expenses due to maintenance phasing.




Chemicals manufacturing plant utilisation was 82% compared with 79% in the first quarter 2021, due to lower unplanned downtime.




Half year segment earnings were $1,152 million. This included post-tax impairment charges of $208 million, which are part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted earnings were $1,400 million.




Cash flow from operating activities for the half year was $1,457 million, primarily driven by Adjusted Earnings before non-cash expenses including depreciation and cost-of-sales adjustments, partly offset by negative working capital movements.




Compared with the first half 2020, Chemicals Adjusted Earnings reflected higher realised margins in base chemicals and intermediates from a stronger price environment.




Chemicals manufacturing plant utilisation remained at 81% compared with the first half 2020.


                                         
 
CORPORATE       
Quarters  $ million    Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    Reference  2021  2020 
(592)    (531)    (805)    Segment earnings    (1,124)    (1,258)   
(193)    134     (9)    Of which: Identified items  (59)    526    
(399)    (666)    (796)    Adjusted Earnings  (1,065)    (1,784)   
(101)    (172)    (171)    Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)  (273)    (587)   
454     478     (791)    Cash flow from operating activities    932     (232)   
(208)    (30)    390     Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements  (238)    151    



Second quarter segment earnings were an expense of $592 million. This included a loss of $193 million from the deferred tax impact of the strengthening Brazilian real on financing positions, which is part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings were a net expense of $399 million.

Compared with the first quarter 2021, Adjusted Earnings reflected favourable movements in tax credits and favourable currency exchange rate effects, partly offset by higher net interest expense.

Half year segment earnings were an expense of $1,124 million. This included a loss of $59 million from the deferred tax impact of the strengthening Brazilian real on financing positions, which is part of identified items (see Reference A). Adjusted Earnings were a net expense of $1,065 million.

Compared with the first half 2020, Adjusted Earnings reflected favourable currency exchange rate effects, lower net interest expense and favourable movements in tax credits.



OUTLOOK FOR THE THIRD QUARTER 2021

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, there continues to be significant uncertainty surrounding how quickly macroeconomic conditions will recover, and the associated impacts on demand for oil, gas and related products. The third quarter 2021 outlook provides ranges for operational and financial metrics based on current expectations, but these are subject to change in the light of evolving market conditions. Due to demand or regulatory requirements and/or constraints in infrastructure, Shell may need to take measures to curtail or reduce oil and/or gas production, LNG liquefaction as well as utilisation of refining and chemicals plants and similarly sales volumes could be impacted. Such measures will likely have a variety of impacts on our operational and financial metrics.



Due to the impact of maintenance activities, Integrated Gas production is expected to be approximately 870 - 920 thousand boe/d and LNG liquefaction volumes are expected to be approximately 7.4 - 8.0 million tonnes.






Upstream production is expected to be approximately 2,100 - 2,250 thousand boe/d.



Refinery utilisation is expected to be approximately 73% - 81%.

Oil Products sales volumes are expected to be approximately 4,300 - 5,300 thousand b/d.



Chemicals manufacturing plant utilisation is expected to be approximately 77% - 85%.

Chemicals sales volumes are expected to be approximately 3,600 - 3,900 thousand tonnes.



Corporate Adjusted Earnings are expected to be a net expense of approximately $600 - $700 million in the third quarter 2021 and a net expense of approximately $2,300 - $2,600 million for the full year 2021. This excludes the impact of currency exchange rate effects.



UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



                                   
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME     
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
60,515     55,665     32,504     Revenue⊃;  116,181     92,533    
1,114     995     (161)    Share of profit of joint ventures and associates  2,108     693    
134     2,455     148     Interest and other income⊃;  2,590     224    
61,764     59,115     32,491     Total revenue and other income  120,879     93,450    
39,717     34,369     18,093     Purchases  74,086     61,306    
5,162     6,808     5,822     Production and manufacturing expenses  11,970     11,803    
3,107     2,462     2,370     Selling, distribution and administrative expenses  5,569     4,763    
201     166     232     Research and development  366     475    
332     285     723     Exploration  617     1,018    
8,223     5,896     28,089     Depreciation, depletion and amortisation⊃;  14,119     35,182    
893     892     1,070     Interest expense  1,784     2,188    
57,634     50,878     56,398     Total expenditure  108,512     116,735    
4,130     8,237     (23,907)    Income/(loss) before taxation  12,367     (23,284)   
571     2,453     (5,806)    Taxation charge/(credit)⊃;  3,024     (5,160)   
3,559     5,784     (18,101)    Income/(loss) for the period⊃;  9,343     (18,124)   
131     124     30     Income/(loss) attributable to non-controlling interest  255     31    
3,428     5,660     (18,131)    Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  9,087     (18,155)   
0.44     0.73     (2.33)    Basic earnings per share ($)⊃;  1.17     (2.33)   
0.44     0.72     (2.33)    Diluted earnings per share ($)⊃;  1.16     (2.33)   



1.    See Note 2 “Segment information”.

2.    See Note 7 “Other notes to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements”.

3.    See Note 3 “Earnings per share”.




                                   
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME     
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
3,559     5,784     (18,101)    Income/(loss) for the period  9,343     (18,124)   
      Other comprehensive income/(loss) net of tax:     
      Items that may be reclassified to income in later periods:     
575     (852)    1,588     – Currency translation differences  (277)    (2,347)   
(2)    (14)    43     – Debt instruments remeasurements  (16)    15    
(84)    132     (137)    – Cash flow hedging gains/(losses)  48     (289)   
(51)    171     (99)    – Net investment hedging gains/(losses)  120     (99)   
(20)    (34)    55     – Deferred cost of hedging  (54)    156    
(7)    (56)    30     – Share of other comprehensive income/(loss) of joint ventures and associates  (63)    (30)   
410     (652)    1,481     Total  (242)    (2,593)   
      Items that are not reclassified to income in later periods:     
1,675     4,628     (4,924)    – Retirement benefits remeasurements  6,303     (3,167)   
10     40     77     – Equity instruments remeasurements  50     (60)   
(42)    (25)    19     – Share of other comprehensive income/(loss) of joint ventures and associates  (67)    67    
1,643     4,643     (4,828)    Total  6,285     (3,160)   
2,053     3,991     (3,347)    Other comprehensive income/(loss) for the period  6,044     (5,753)   
5,612     9,775     (21,448)    Comprehensive income/(loss) for the period  15,386     (23,877)   
145     121     43     Comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to non-controlling interest  266     (80)   
5,467     9,653     (21,490)    Comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  15,121     (23,797)   





                 
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET 
$ million     
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Assets     
Non-current assets     
Intangible assets  22,462     22,822    
Property, plant and equipment  205,272     210,847    
Joint ventures and associates  23,248     22,451    
Investments in securities  3,554     3,222    
Deferred tax  14,392     16,311    
Retirement benefits⊃;  7,941     2,474    
Trade and other receivables  7,798     7,641    
Derivative financial instruments⊃;  1,508     2,805    
  286,175     288,573    
Current assets     
Inventories  25,097     19,457    
Trade and other receivables  43,694     33,625    
Derivative financial instruments⊃;  8,787     5,783    
Cash and cash equivalents  34,104     31,830    
  111,682     90,695    
Total assets  397,857     379,268    
Liabilities     
Non-current liabilities     
Debt  87,034     91,115    
Trade and other payables  2,885     2,304    
Derivative financial instruments⊃;  385     420    
Deferred tax  11,717     10,463    
Retirement benefits1,3  12,435     15,605    
Decommissioning and other provisions  27,657     27,310    
  142,112     147,217    
Current liabilities     
Debt  13,042     16,899    
Trade and other payables⊃;  54,948     44,572    
Derivative financial instruments⊃;  10,385     5,308    
Income taxes payable⊃;  2,837     3,111    
Decommissioning and other provisions  3,290     3,624    
  84,502     73,514    
Total liabilities  226,614     220,731    
Equity attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  167,999     155,310    
Non-controlling interest  3,244     3,227    
Total equity  171,243     158,537    
Total liabilities and equity  397,857     379,268    



1.    See Note 7 "Other notes to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements".

2.    See Note 6 “Derivative financial instruments and debt excluding lease liabilities”.

3. As from January 1, 2021 the 'Retirement benefits' liability has been classified under non-current liabilities (previously partly presented within current liabilities) and taxes payable not related to income tax are presented within 'Trade and other payables' (previously 'Taxes payable'). Prior period comparatives have been revised to conform with current year presentation. See Note 7.




                                               
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY 
  Equity attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders     
$ million  Share capital⊃;  Shares held in trust  Other reserves⊃;  Retained earnings  Total  Non-controlling interest  Total equity 
At January 1, 2021  651     (709)    12,752     142,616     155,310     3,227     158,537    
Comprehensive income/(loss) for the period  —     —     6,033     9,087     15,121     266     15,386    
Transfer from other comprehensive income  —     —     (15)    15     —     —     —    
Dividends⊃;  —     —     —     (2,620)    (2,620)    (265)    (2,886)   
Share-based compensation  —     350     (219)    59     190     —     190    
Other changes in non-controlling interest  —     —     —     (2)    (2)    16     15    
At June 30, 2021  651     (358)    18,552     149,155     167,999     3,244     171,243    
At January 1, 2020  657     (1,063)    14,451     172,431     186,476     3,987     190,463    
Comprehensive income/(loss) for the period  —     —     (5,642)    (18,155)    (23,797)    (80)    (23,877)   
Transfer from other comprehensive income  —     —     17     (17)    —     —     —    
Dividends3  —     —     —     (4,718)    (4,718)    (178)    (4,896)   
Repurchases of shares  (6)    —     6     (1,214)    (1,214)    —     (1,214)   
Share-based compensation  —     539     (324)    (231)    (16)    —     (16)   
Other changes in non-controlling interest  —     —     —     426     426     (440)    (14)   
At June 30, 2020  651     (524)    8,508     148,521     157,156     3,289     160,445    



1.    See Note 4 “Share capital”.

2.    See Note 5 “Other reserves”.

3.    The amount charged to retained earnings is based on prevailing exchange rates on payment date.


                                   
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS     
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
4,130     8,237     (23,907)    Income before taxation for the period  12,367     (23,284)   
      Adjustment for:     
797     757     889     – Interest expense (net)  1,554     1,786    
8,223     5,896     28,089     – Depreciation, depletion and amortisation  14,119     35,182    
108     136     518     – Exploration well write-offs  244     601    
55     (2,073)    (128)    – Net (gains)/losses on sale and revaluation of non-current assets and businesses  (2,018)    (21)   
(1,114)    (995)    161     – Share of (profit)/loss of joint ventures and associates  (2,108)    (693)   
782     580     610     – Dividends received from joint ventures and associates  1,361     1,141    
(2,495)    (3,426)    (3,713)    – (Increase)/decrease in inventories  (5,921)    5,881    
(4,080)    (6,829)    3,959     – (Increase)/decrease in current receivables  (10,909)    10,273    
5,016     5,865     (4,226)    – Increase/(decrease) in current payables  10,881     (12,655)   
2,173     185     837     – Derivative financial instruments  2,358     665    
47     109     293     – Retirement benefits  156     203    
(124)    77     392     – Decommissioning and other provisions  (46)    290    
561     583     (480)    – Other  1,145     98    
(1,465)    (809)    (730)    Tax paid  (2,274)    (2,051)   
12,617     8,294     2,563     Cash flow from operating activities  20,910     17,415    
(4,232)    (3,885)    (3,436)    Capital expenditure  (8,117)    (7,699)   
(115)    (69)    (161)    Investments in joint ventures and associates  (184)    (720)   
(36)    (21)    (20)    Investments in equity securities  (57)    (167)   
1,162     3,106     211     Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment and businesses  4,268     1,824    
4     275     423     Proceeds from joint ventures and associates from sale, capital reduction and repayment of long-term loans⊃;  279     970    
108     31     62     Proceeds from sale of equity securities  139     135    
110     98     118     Interest received  209     310    
799     711     1,174     Other investing cash inflows  1,510     2,029    
(746)    (837)    (691)    Other investing cash outflows  (1,583)    (1,719)   
(2,946)    (590)    (2,320)    Cash flow from investing activities  (3,535)    (5,039)   
(34)    113     90     Net increase/(decrease) in debt with maturity period within three months  79     412    
      Other debt:     
57     109     15,238     – New borrowings  166     16,241    
(3,901)    (5,707)    (7,113)    – Repayments  (9,607)    (9,836)   
(1,162)    (806)    (1,088)    Interest paid  (1,968)    (2,121)   
(57)    (449)    324     Derivative financial instruments  (506)    243    
—     15     (32)    Change in non-controlling interest  15     (40)   
      Cash dividends paid to:     
(1,310)    (1,292)    (1,397)    – Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders⊃;  (2,602)    (4,880)   
(140)    (125)    (68)    – Non-controlling interest  (265)    (178)   
—     (216)    (216)    Repurchases of shares3  (216)    (1,702)   
(2)    (63)    (18)    Shares held in trust: net sales/(purchases) and dividends received  (65)    (199)   
(6,550)    (8,420)    5,721     Cash flow from financing activities  (14,970)    (2,060)   
(2)    (128)    164     Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents  (130)    (431)   
3,119     (844)    6,128     Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents  2,275     9,884    
30,985     31,830     21,811     Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period  31,830     18,055    
34,104     30,985     27,939     Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  34,104     27,939    



1. Cash dividends paid represents the payment of net dividends (after deduction of withholding taxes where applicable) and payment of withholding taxes on dividends paid in the previous quarter.

2. As from 2021 renamed from 'Proceeds from sale of joint ventures and associates'.

3. The amount in Q1 2021 represents a payment of withholding taxes related to repurchases of shares in Q1 2020.




NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



1. Basis of preparation

These unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements ("Interim Statements") of Royal Dutch Shell plc (“the Company”) and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as “Shell”) have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board ("IASB") and as adopted by the UK. For periods beginning on or after January 1, 2021, Shell's (interim) financial statements are prepared in accordance with UK-adopted international accounting standards which were established as a result of the UK's exit from the European Union. As applied to Shell there are no material differences from International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the IASB. Except for the application of UK-adopted international accounting standards these Interim Statements have been prepared on the basis of the same accounting principles as those used in the Annual Report and Accounts (pages 216 to 264) and Form 20-F (pages 164 to 211) for the year ended December 31, 2020 as filed with the Registrar of Companies for England and Wales and the US Securities and Exchange Commission, respectively, and should be read in conjunction with these filings.

The financial information presented in the unaudited Interim Statements does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of section 434(3) of the Companies Act 2006 (“the Act”). Statutory accounts for the year ended December 31, 2020 were published in Shell’s Annual Report and Accounts, a copy of which was delivered to the Registrar of Companies for England and Wales, and in Shell's Form 20-F. The auditor’s report on those accounts was unqualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report and did not contain a statement under sections 498(2) or 498(3) of the Act.

Going concern

These unaudited Interim Statements have been prepared on the going concern basis of accounting. In assessing the appropriateness of the going concern assumption over the period to December 31, 2022 (the "going concern period"), management have stress tested Shell’s most recent financial projections to incorporate a range of potential future outcomes by considering Shell’s principal risks, further potential downside pressures on commodity prices and cash preservation measures, including reduced future operating costs, capital expenditure, shareholder distributions and increased divestments. This assessment confirmed that Shell has adequate cash, other liquid resources and undrawn credit facilities to enable it to meet its obligations as they fall due in order to continue its operations during the going concern period. Therefore, the Directors consider it appropriate to continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing these unaudited Interim Statements.

Key accounting considerations, significant judgements and estimates

Future commodity price assumptions and management's view on the future development of refining margins represent a significant estimate and both were subject to change in 2020, resulting in the recognition of impairments in 2020. These assumptions continue to apply for impairment testing purposes in the second quarter 2021.

2. Segment information

Segment earnings are presented on a current cost of supplies basis (CCS earnings), which is the earnings measure used by the Chief Executive Officer for the purposes of making decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance. On this basis, the purchase price of volumes sold during the period is based on the current cost of supplies during the same period after making allowance for the tax effect. CCS earnings therefore exclude the effect of changes in the oil price on inventory carrying amounts. Sales between segments are based on prices generally equivalent to commercially available prices.

                                   
 
INFORMATION BY SEGMENT     
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
      Third-party revenue     
9,247     11,258     7,436     Integrated Gas  20,505     17,593    
2,242     1,941     1,177     Upstream  4,183     3,521    
44,570     38,382     21,596     Oil Products  82,952     65,893    
4,444     4,070     2,283     Chemicals  8,514     5,504    
12     14     12     Corporate  26     22    
60,515     55,665     32,504     Total third-party revenue⊃;  116,181     92,533    
      Inter-segment revenue     
1,794     1,351     558     Integrated Gas  3,145     1,449    
8,924     7,254     4,117     Upstream  16,178     10,592    
3,017     2,457     1,082     Oil Products  5,473     2,933    
1,633     1,187     475     Chemicals  2,820     1,350    
—     —     —     Corporate  —     —    
      CCS earnings     
422     2,527     (7,959)    Integrated Gas  2,949     (6,147)   
2,415     1,096     (6,721)    Upstream  3,511     (7,584)   
33     650     (3,023)    Oil Products  682     (811)   
462     689     164     Chemicals  1,152     311    
(592)    (531)    (805)    Corporate  (1,124)    (1,258)   
2,741     4,430     (18,343)    Total CCS earnings  7,171     (15,490)   



1.    Includes revenue from sources other than from contracts with customers, which mainly comprises the impact of fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. Second quarter 2021 included losses of $340 million (Q1 2021: $1,211 million income; Q2 2020: $1,405 million income). This amount includes both the reversal of prior losses of $374 million (Q1 2021: $385 million losses; Q2 2020: $686 million gains) related to sales contracts and prior gains of $434 million (Q1 2021: $465 million gains; Q2 2020: $507 million losses) related to purchase contracts that were previously recognised and where physical settlement took place in the second quarter 2021.

                                   
 
RECONCILIATION OF INCOME FOR THE PERIOD TO CCS EARNINGS     
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
3,428     5,660     (18,131)    Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  9,087     (18,155)   
131     124     30     Income/(loss) attributable to non-controlling interest  255     31    
3,559     5,784     (18,101)    Income/(loss) for the period  9,343     (18,124)   
      Current cost of supplies adjustment:     
(994)    (1,631)    (432)    Purchases  (2,625)    3,342    
208     353     98     Taxation  562     (819)   
(33)    (76)    92     Share of profit/(loss) of joint ventures and associates  (108)    111    
(818)    (1,354)    (242)    Current cost of supplies adjustment  (2,172)    2,634    
      of which:     
(793)    (1,314)    (246)    Attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  (2,108)    2,535 
(25)    (39)    Attributable to non-controlling interest  (64)    100 
2,741     4,430     (18,343)    CCS earnings  7,171     (15,490)   
      of which:     
2,634     4,345     (18,377)    CCS earnings attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  6,980     (15,620)   
106     85     34     CCS earnings attributable to non-controlling interest  191     131    

3. Earnings per share

                                   
 
EARNINGS PER SHARE 
Quarters    Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
3,428     5,660     (18,131)    Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders ($ million)  9,087     (18,155)   
           
      Weighted average number of shares used as the basis for determining:     
7,790.1     7,782.1     7,789.8     Basic earnings per share (million)  7,786.1     7,804.8    
7,835.9     7,832.3     7,789.8     Diluted earnings per share (million)  7,834.2     7,804.8    





4. Share capital

                                   
 
ISSUED AND FULLY PAID ORDINARY SHARES OF €0.07 EACH1 
  Number of shares  Nominal value ($ million) 
  Total 
At January 1, 2021  4,101,239,499     3,706,183,836     345  306  651 
At June 30, 2021  4,101,239,499     3,706,183,836     345  306  651 
At January 1, 2020  4,151,787,517     3,729,407,107     349  308  657 
Repurchases of shares  (50,548,018)    (23,223,271)    (4)  (2)  (6) 
At June 30, 2020  4,101,239,499     3,706,183,836     345  306  651 



1.    Share capital at June 30, 2021 also included 50,000 issued and fully paid sterling deferred shares of £1 each.

At Royal Dutch Shell plc’s Annual General Meeting on May 18, 2021, the Board was authorised to allot ordinary shares in Royal Dutch Shell plc, and to grant rights to subscribe for, or to convert, any security into ordinary shares in Royal Dutch Shell plc, up to an aggregate nominal amount of €182.1 million (representing 2,602 million ordinary shares of €0.07 each), and to list such shares or rights on any stock exchange. This authority expires at the earlier of the close of business on August 18, 2022, and the end of the Annual General Meeting to be held in 2022, unless previously renewed, revoked or varied by Royal Dutch Shell plc in a general meeting.



5. Other reserves

                                         
 
OTHER RESERVES 
$ million  Merger reserve  Share premium reserve  Capital redemption reserve  Share plan reserve  Accumulated other comprehensive income  Total 
At January 1, 2021  37,298     154     129     906     (25,735)    12,752    
Other comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  —     —     —     —     6,033     6,033    
Transfer from other comprehensive income  —     —     —     —     (15)    (15)   
Share-based compensation  —     —     —     (219)    —     (219)   
At June 30, 2021  37,298     154     129     687     (19,717)    18,552    
At January 1, 2020  37,298     154     123     1,049     (24,173)    14,451    
Other comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  —     —     —     —     (5,642)    (5,642)   
Transfer from other comprehensive income  —     —     —     —     17     17    
Repurchases of shares  —     —     6     —     —     6    
Share-based compensation  —     —     —     (324)    —     (324)   
At June 30, 2020  37,298     154     129     725     (29,798)    8,508    


The merger reserve and share premium reserve were established as a consequence of Royal Dutch Shell plc becoming the single parent company of Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and The “Shell” Transport and Trading Company, p.l.c., now The Shell Transport and Trading Company Limited, in 2005. The merger reserve increased in 2016 following the issuance of shares for the acquisition of BG Group plc. The capital redemption reserve was established in connection with repurchases of shares of Royal Dutch Shell plc. The share plan reserve is in respect of equity-settled share-based compensation plans.



6. Derivative financial instruments and debt excluding lease liabilities

As disclosed in the Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, presented in the Annual Report and Accounts and Form 20-F for that year, Shell is exposed to the risks of changes in fair value of its financial assets and liabilities. The fair values of the financial assets and liabilities are defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair values at June 30, 2021, are consistent with those used in the year ended December 31, 2020, though the carrying amounts of derivative financial instruments measured using predominantly unobservable inputs have changed since that date.

The table below provides the comparison of the fair value with the carrying amount of debt excluding lease liabilities, disclosed in accordance with IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures.

                 
 
DEBT EXCLUDING LEASE LIABILITIES 
$ million  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Carrying amount  71,736     79,594    
Fair value⊃;  78,216     88,294    



1.    Mainly determined from the prices quoted for these securities.









7. Other notes to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

Consolidated Statement of Income

Interest and other income

                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
134     2,455     148     Interest and other income  2,590     224    
      of which:     
95     134     158     Interest income  230     357    
34     1     14     Dividend income (from investments in equity securities)  35     16    
(55)    2,073     128     Net gains on sales and revaluation of non-current assets and businesses  2,018     21    
4     85     (124)    Net foreign exchange (losses)/gains on financing activities  90     (206)   
56     161     (27)    Other  217     36    






Depreciation, depletion and amortisation

                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
8,223     5,896     28,089     Depreciation, depletion and amortisation  14,119     35,182    

Depreciation, depletion and amortisation in Q2 2021 includes $2,333 million pre-tax (Q1 2021:$84 million; Q2 2020:$21,780 million) of impairments mainly related to two refineries in the USA within Oil Products classified as held for sale ($1,207 million), one site in the USA within Chemicals classified as held for sale ($177 million) and an exploration and evaluation asset within Integrated Gas ($600 million).


















         Page 16




     
 
ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
2ND QUARTER 2021 AND HALF YEAR UNAUDITED RESULTS 




Taxation charge/(credit)




                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
571     2,453     (5,806)    Taxation charge/(credit)  3,024     (5,160)   






The taxation charge for Q2 2021 includes a one-off release of a tax provision in Nigeria of $628 million.




Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

Retirement benefits

                 
 
$ million     
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Non-current assets     
Retirement benefits  7,941     2,474    
Non-current liabilities     
Retirement benefits⊃;  12,435     15,605    
Deficit  4,494     13,131    



1.As from January 1, 2021 the 'Retirement benefits' liability has been classified under non-current liabilities (previously partly presented within current liabilities). Prior period comparatives have been revised by $437 million to conform with current year presentation.

The decrease in the net retirement benefit liability is mainly driven by an increase of the market yield on high-quality corporate bonds in the USA, the UK and Eurozone and positive returns on plan assets, partly offset by an increase in expected inflation in the UK and Eurozone. Amounts recognised in the balance sheet in relation to defined benefit plans include both plan assets and obligations that are presented on a net basis on a plan-by-plan basis.




Income taxes payable

                 
 
$ million     
  June 30, 2021  December 31, 2020 
Income taxes payable  2,837     3,111    






As from January 1, 2021 taxes payable not related to income tax are presented within 'Trade and other payables' (previously within 'Taxes payable') and 'Taxes payable' has been renamed into 'Income taxes payable'. Prior period comparatives have been revised by $2,895 million to conform with current year presentation.






8. Climate case ruling




In May 2021 the District Court in The Hague delivered its ruling in the climate change case filed against Royal Dutch Shell plc (“Shell”) by Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands), other NGOs and a group of private individuals. The court ruled that Shell must reduce the CO2 emissions of Shell group operations and energy-carrying products sold by 45% (net) by the end of 2030 compared to its emissions in 2019. Shell will appeal this decision in the Dutch Court of Appeal, which may take between two and three years. This case does not have a financial impact on the unaudited Interim Statements.





ALTERNATIVE PERFORMANCE (NON-GAAP) MEASURES

A.Adjusted Earnings and Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA)

The “Adjusted Earnings” measure aims to facilitate a comparative understanding of Shell’s financial performance from period to period by removing the effects of oil price changes on inventory carrying amounts and removing the effects of identified items. These items are in some cases driven by external factors and may, either individually or collectively, hinder the comparative understanding of Shell’s financial results from period to period. This measure excludes earnings attributable to non-controlling interest.

The “Adjusted EBITDA (FIFO basis)” and “Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)” measures are introduced with effect from January 1, 2021. Management uses both measures to evaluate Shell’s performance in the period and over time.

We define “Adjusted EBITDA (FIFO basis)” as “Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders” adjusted for identified items; tax charge/(credit); depreciation, amortisation and depletion; exploration well write-offs and net interest expense. We also use “Adjusted EBITDA” on a CCS basis as the current cost of supplies adjustment aims to remove the impact of price changes on our inventories in our Oil Products and Chemicals segments, therefore enabling comparisons over time.

                                   
 
ADJUSTED EARNINGS 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
3,428     5,660     (18,131)    Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  9,087     (18,155)   
(793)    (1,314)    (246)    Add: Current cost of supplies adjustment attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders (Note 2)  (2,108)    2,535    
(2,899)    1,112     (19,015)    Less: Identified items attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders  (1,788)    (19,118)   
5,534     3,234     638     Adjusted Earnings  8,768     3,498    
      Of which:     
1,609     1,415     362     Integrated Gas  3,025     2,506    
2,469     963     (1,512)    Upstream  3,432     (1,220)   
1,299     877     2,411     Oil Products  2,176     3,774    
112     (105)    1,500     Refining and Trading  7     1,658    
1,187     982     911     Marketing  2,169     2,116    
670     730     206     Chemicals  1,400     354    
(399)    (666)    (796)    Corporate  (1,065)    (1,784)   
115     85     34     Less: Non-controlling interest  199     131    
1,178     1,550     114     Add: Taxation charge/(credit) excluding tax impact of identified items  2,728     1,447    
5,890     5,812     6,308     Add: Depreciation, depletion and amortisation excluding impairments  11,702     12,652    
108     136     518     Add: Exploration well write-offs  244     601    
893     892     1,070     Add: Interest expense excluding identified items  1,784     2,188    
95     134     158     Less: Interest income  230     357    
13,507     11,490     8,491     Adjusted EBITDA (CCS basis)  24,997     20,031    
      Of which:     
3,364     3,206     2,767     Integrated Gas  6,571     6,650    
6,714     5,387     1,674     Upstream  12,100     6,510    
2,608     2,112     3,747     Oil Products  4,720     6,614    
676     467     2,267     Refining and Trading  1,143     3,197    
1,932     1,646     1,479     Marketing  3,577     3,417    
1,036     1,041     507     Chemicals  2,077     973    
(101)    (172)    (171)    Corporate  (273)    (587)   
115     85     34     Less: Non-controlling interest  199     131    
(793)    (1,314)    (246)    Less: Current cost of supplies adjustment attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders (Note 2)  (2,108)    2,535    
208     353     98     Add: Current cost of supplies adjustment to taxation charge/(credit) (Note 2)  562     (819)   
14,508     13,157     8,835     Adjusted EBITDA (FIFO basis)  27,666     16,678    
      Of which:     
3,364     3,206     2,767     Integrated Gas  6,571     6,650    
6,714     5,387     1,674     Upstream  12,100     6,510    
3,553     3,586     4,217     Oil Products  7,139     3,615    
1,370     1,715     2,889     Refining and Trading  3,085     439    
2,182     1,872     1,328     Marketing  4,054     3,177    
1,117     1,274     376     Chemicals  2,392     518    
(101)    (172)    (171)    Corporate  (273)    (587)   
139     124     30     Less: Non-controlling interest  264     31    






Identified items

Identified items comprise: divestment gains and losses, impairments, redundancy and restructuring, provisions for onerous contracts, fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts and the impact of exchange rate movements on certain deferred tax balances, and other items.


                                   
 
IDENTIFIED ITEMS 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
      Identified items before tax     
(55)    2,073     128     Divestment gains/(losses)  2,018     51    
(2,333)    (84)    (22,332)    Impairments  (2,417)    (23,082)   
68     (748)    (518)    Redundancy and restructuring  (679)    (536)   
—     —     —     Provisions for onerous contracts  —     —    
(1,373)    388     (1,884)    Fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts  (985)    (916)   
(29)    31     (427)    Other  2     (427)   
(3,722)    1,661     (25,033)    Total identified items before tax  (2,062)    (24,908)   
815     (549)    6,018     Total tax impact of identified items  265     5,790    
      Identified items after tax     
(83)    1,410     10     Divestment gains/(losses)  1,328     (22)   
(1,787)    (94)    (16,842)    Impairments  (1,881)    (17,378)   
45     (486)    (375)    Redundancy and restructuring  (441)    (382)   
—     —     —     Provisions for onerous contracts  —     —    
(1,181)    365     (1,540)    Fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts  (816)    (702)   
121     (110)    (44)    Impact of exchange rate movements on tax balances  11     (410)   
(23)    25     (224)    Other  2     (224)   
(2,908)    1,112     (19,015)    Impact on CCS earnings  (1,796)    (19,118)   
      Of which:     
(1,187)    1,112     (8,321)    Integrated Gas  (75)    (8,652)   
(53)    133     (5,209)    Upstream  80     (6,364)   
(1,267)    (227)    (5,433)    Oil Products  (1,494)    (4,585)   
(208)    (41)    (41)    Chemicals  (248)    (43)   
(193)    134     (9)    Corporate  (59)    526    
(2,899)    1,112     (19,015)    Impact on CCS earnings attributable to shareholders  (1,788)    (19,118)   
(8)    —     —     Impact on CCS earnings attributable to non-controlling interest  (8)    —    






The identified items categories above may include after-tax impacts of identified items of joint ventures and associates which are fully reported within "Share of profit of joint ventures and associates" in the Consolidated Statement of Income, and fully reported as identified items before tax in the table above. Identified items related to subsidiaries are consolidated and reported across appropriate lines of the Consolidated Statement of Income. Only pre-tax identified items reported by subsidiaries are taken into account in the calculation of underlying operating expenses (Reference F).




Provisions for onerous contracts: Provisions for onerous contracts that relate to businesses that Shell has exited or to redundant assets or assets that cannot be used.

Fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts: In the ordinary course of business, Shell enters into contracts to supply or purchase oil and gas products, as well as power and environmental products. Shell also enters into contracts for tolling, pipeline and storage capacity. Derivative contracts are entered into for mitigation of resulting economic exposures (generally price exposure) and these derivative contracts are carried at period-end market price (fair value), with movements in fair value recognised in income for the period. Supply and purchase contracts entered into for operational purposes, as well as contracts for tolling, pipeline and storage capacity, are, by contrast, recognised when the transaction occurs; furthermore, inventory is carried at historical cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. As a consequence, accounting mismatches occur because: (a) the supply or purchase transaction is recognised in a different period, or (b) the inventory is measured on a different basis. In addition, certain contracts are, due to pricing or delivery conditions, deemed to contain embedded derivatives or written options and are also required to be carried at fair value even though they are entered into for operational purposes. The accounting impacts are reported as identified items.

Impacts of exchange rate movements on tax balances represent the impact on tax balances of exchange rate movements arising on (a) the conversion to dollars of the local currency tax base of non-monetary assets and liabilities, as well as losses (this primarily impacts the Upstream and Integrated Gas segments) and (b) the conversion of dollar-



denominated inter-segment loans to local currency, leading to taxable exchange rate gains or losses (this primarily impacts the Corporate segment).

Other identified items represent other credits or charges that based on Shell management's assessment hinder the comparative understanding of Shell's financial results from period to period.

B.    Adjusted Earnings per share

Adjusted Earnings per share is calculated as Adjusted Earnings (see Reference A), divided by the weighted average number of shares used as the basis for basic earnings per share (see Note 3).

C.    Cash capital expenditure

Cash capital expenditure represents cash spent on maintaining and developing assets as well as on investments in the period. Management regularly monitors this measure as a key lever to delivering sustainable cash flows. Cash capital expenditure is the sum of the following lines from the Consolidated Statement of Cash flows: Capital expenditure, Investments in joint ventures and associates and Investments in equity securities.

                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
4,232     3,885     3,436     Capital expenditure  8,117     7,699    
115     69     161     Investments in joint ventures and associates  184     720    
36     21     20     Investments in equity securities  57     167    
4,383     3,974     3,617     Cash capital expenditure  8,357     8,587    
      Of which:     
880     1,015     736     Integrated Gas  1,895     1,618    
1,696     1,534     1,876     Upstream  3,229     4,397    
882     668     606     Oil Products  1,550     1,186    
895     730     369     Chemicals  1,625     1,215    
30     28     30     Corporate  58     171    






D.    Return on average capital employed




Return on average capital employed ("ROACE") measures the efficiency of Shell’s utilisation of the capital that it employs. Shell uses two ROACE measures: ROACE on a Net income basis and ROACE on an Adjusted Earnings plus Non-controlling interest (NCI) basis, both adjusted for after-tax interest expense.

Both measures refer to Capital employed which consists of total equity, current debt and non-current debt.

ROACE on a Net income basis




In this calculation, the sum of income for the current and previous three quarters, adjusted for after-tax interest expense, is expressed as a percentage of the average capital employed for the same period.

                       
 
$ million  Quarters 
  Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020 
Income - current and previous three quarters  5,933  (15,727)  (11,011) 
Interest expense after tax - current and previous three quarters  2,668  2,728  3,014 
Income before interest expense - current and previous three quarters  8,601  (12,999)  (7,997) 
Capital employed – opening  265,435  278,444  288,900 
Capital employed – closing  271,319  269,323  265,435 
Capital employed – average  268,377  273,883  277,168 
ROACE on a Net income basis  3.2%  (4.7)%  (2.9)% 

ROACE on an Adjusted Earnings plus Non-controlling interest (NCI) basis




In this calculation, the sum of Adjusted Earnings (see Reference A) plus non-controlling interest (NCI) excluding identified items for the current and previous three quarters, adjusted for after-tax interest expense, is expressed as a percentage of the average capital employed for the same period. This measure was previously referred to as “ROACE on a CCS basis excluding identified items” and was renamed to improve clarity with effect from the second quarter 2021. There is no change to the calculation outcome as result of this nomenclature update.

                       
 
$ million  Quarters 
  Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020 
Adjusted Earnings - current and previous three quarters (Reference A)  10,115  5,220  11,196 
Add: Income/(loss) attributable to NCI - current and previous three quarters  371  269  300 
Add: Current cost of supplies adjustment attributable to NCI - current and previous three quarters  (90)  (62)  105 
Less: Identified items attributable to NCI (Reference A) - current and previous three quarters  (18)  (10)  — 
Adjusted Earnings plus NCI excluding identified items - current and previous three quarters  10,414  5,437  11,602 
Add: Interest expense after tax - current and previous three quarters  2,668  2,728  3,014 
Adjusted Earnings plus NCI excluding identified items before interest expense - current and previous three quarters  13,081  8,165  14,616 
Capital employed - average  268,377  273,883  277,168 
ROACE on an Adjusted Earnings plus NCI basis  4.9%  3.0%  5.3% 



E.    Gearing

Gearing is a measure of Shell’s capital structure and is defined as net debt as a percentage of total capital. Net debt is defined as the sum of current and non-current debt, less cash and cash equivalents, adjusted for the fair value of derivative financial instruments used to hedge foreign exchange and interest rate risks relating to debt, and associated collateral balances. Management considers this adjustment useful because it reduces the volatility of net debt caused by fluctuations in foreign exchange and interest rates, and eliminates the potential impact of related collateral payments or receipts. Debt-related derivative financial instruments are a subset of the derivative financial instrument assets and liabilities presented on the balance sheet. Collateral balances are reported under “Trade and other receivables” or “Trade and other payables” as appropriate.

                       
 
$ million  Quarters 
  June 30, 2021  March 31, 2021  June 30, 2020 
Current debt  13,042  14,541  17,530 
Non-current debt  87,034  87,828  87,460 
Total debt  100,076  102,369  104,990 
Of which lease liabilities  28,340  28,177  29,073 
Add: Debt-related derivative financial instruments: net liability/(asset)  (912)  (864)  525 
Add: Collateral on debt-related derivatives: net liability/(asset)  675  732  266 
Less: Cash and cash equivalents  (34,104)  (30,985)  (27,939) 
Net debt  65,735  71,252  77,843 
Add: Total equity  171,243  166,953  160,445 
Total capital  236,978  238,205  238,288 
Gearing  27.7   29.9   32.7  



F.    Operating expenses

Operating expenses is a measure of Shell’s cost management performance, comprising the following items from the Consolidated Statement of Income: production and manufacturing expenses; selling, distribution and administrative expenses; and research and development expenses.

Underlying operating expenses is a measure aimed at facilitating a comparative understanding of performance from period to period by removing the effects of identified items, which, either individually or collectively, can cause volatility, in some cases driven by external factors.


                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
5,162     6,808     5,822     Production and manufacturing expenses  11,970     11,803    
3,107     2,462     2,370     Selling, distribution and administrative expenses  5,569     4,763    
201     166     232     Research and development  366     475    
8,470     9,436     8,423     Operating expenses  17,905     17,042    
      Of which identified items:     
68     (747)    (508)    Redundancy and restructuring (charges)/reversal  (679)    (526)   
(31)    —     (411)    (Provisions)/reversal  (31)    (411)   
(2)    35     —     Other  33     —    
35     (712)    (919)      (677)    (937)   
8,505     8,724     7,504     Underlying operating expenses  17,228     16,105    



G.    Free cash flow

Free cash flow is used to evaluate cash available for financing activities, including dividend payments and debt servicing, after investment in maintaining and growing the business. It is defined as the sum of “Cash flow from operating activities” and “Cash flow from investing activities”.

Cash flows from acquisition and divestment activities are removed from Free cash flow to arrive at the Organic free cash flow, a measure used by management to evaluate the generation of free cash flow without these activities.

                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
12,617     8,294     2,563     Cash flow from operating activities  20,910     17,415    
(2,946)    (590)    (2,320)    Cash flow from investing activities  (3,535)    (5,039)   
9,671     7,704     243     Free cash flow  17,375     12,376    
1,274     3,412     696     Less: Divestment proceeds (Reference I)  4,686     2,929    
24     —     —     Add: Tax paid on divestments (reported under "Other investing cash outflows")  24     —    
2     89     199     Add: Cash outflows related to inorganic capital expenditure1  92     602    
8,424     4,381     (254)    Organic free cash flow2  12,805     10,050    



1.Cash outflows related to inorganic capital expenditure includes portfolio actions which expand Shell's activities through acquisitions and restructuring activities as reported in capital expenditure lines in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.

2.Free cash flow less divestment proceeds, adding back outflows related to inorganic expenditure.

H.    Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements

Working capital movements are defined as the sum of the following items in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows:    (i) (increase)/decrease in inventories, (ii) (increase)/decrease in current receivables, and (iii) increase/(decrease) in current payables.

Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements is a measure used by Shell to analyse its operating cash generation over time excluding the timing effects of changes in inventories and operating receivables and payables from period to period.



         Page 23




     
 
ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
2ND QUARTER 2021 AND HALF YEAR UNAUDITED RESULTS 




                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
12,617     8,294     2,563     Cash flow from operating activities  20,910     17,415    
(2,495)    (3,426)    (3,713)    (Increase)/decrease in inventories  (5,921)    5,881    
(4,080)    (6,829)    3,959     (Increase)/decrease in current receivables  (10,909)    10,273    
5,016     5,865     (4,226)    Increase/(decrease) in current payables  10,881     (12,655)   
(1,559)    (4,390)    (3,980)    (Increase)/decrease in working capital  (5,949)    3,499    
14,176     12,683     6,543     Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements  26,859     13,916    
      Of which:     
4,350     3,653     2,871     Integrated Gas  8,003     6,224    
5,444     4,702     548     Upstream  10,146     4,265    
3,365     3,313     2,430     Oil Products  6,678     2,783    
1,225     1,045     304     Chemicals  2,270     492    
(208)    (30)    390     Corporate  (238)    151    



I.    Divestment proceeds

Divestment proceeds represent cash received from divestment activities in the period. Management regularly monitors this measure as a key lever to deliver sustainable cash flow.

                                   
 
Quarters  $ million  Half year 
Q2 2021  Q1 2021  Q2 2020    2021  2020 
1,162     3,106  211  Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment and businesses  4,268  1,824 
4     275  423  Proceeds from joint ventures and associates from sale, capital reduction and repayment of long-term loans⊃;  279  970 
108     31  62  Proceeds from sale of equity securities  139  135 
1,274     3,412  696  Divestment proceeds  4,686  2,929 



1.As from 2021 renamed from 'Proceeds from sale of joint ventures and associates'.





PRINCIPAL RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

The principal risks and uncertainties affecting Shell are described in the Risk Factors section of the Annual Report and Accounts (pages 28 to 37) and Form 20-F (pages 18 to 22) for the year ended December 31, 2020 and are summarised below. There are no material changes in those Risk Factors for the remaining 6 months of the financial year.

STRATEGIC RISKS

▪We are exposed to macroeconomic risks including fluctuating prices of crude oil, natural gas, oil products and chemicals.

▪Our ability to deliver competitive returns and pursue commercial opportunities depends in part on the accuracy of our price assumptions.

▪Our ability to achieve our strategic objectives depends on how we react to competitive forces.

▪If we fail to stay in step with the pace and extent of society’s demands with regard to the energy transition to a low-carbon future, we could fail in sustaining and growing our business.

▪Rising climate change concerns and the effects of the energy transition have led and could lead to a decrease in demand and potentially affect prices for fossil fuels. This may also lead to additional legal and/or regulatory measures which could result in project delays or cancellations, potential litigation, operational restrictions and additional compliance obligations.

▪We seek to execute divestments in pursuing our strategy. We may be unable to divest these assets successfully in line with our strategy.

▪We operate in more than 70 countries that have differing degrees of political, legal and fiscal stability. This exposes us to a wide range of political developments that could result in changes to contractual terms, laws and regulations. We and our joint arrangements and associates also face the risk of litigation and disputes worldwide.

OPERATIONAL RISKS

▪Our future hydrocarbon production depends on the delivery of large and integrated projects, and our ability to replace proved oil and gas reserves.

▪The estimation of proved oil and gas reserves involves subjective judgements based on available information and the application of complex rules. This means subsequent downward adjustments are possible.

▪The nature of our operations exposes us, and the communities in which we work, to a wide range of health, safety, security and environment risks.

▪A further erosion of the business and operating environment in Nigeria could have a material adverse effect on us.

▪An erosion of our business reputation could have a material adverse effect on our brand, our ability to secure new resources or access capital markets, and on our licence to operate.

▪We rely heavily on Operational Technology (OT) and Information Technology (IT) systems in our operations. This exposes OT and IT infrastructure to both internal and external cybersecurity risks, cyber-disruptions and legal and regulatory measures.

▪Our business exposes us to risks of social instability, criminality, civil unrest, terrorism, piracy, cyber-disruption and acts of war that could have a material adverse effect on our operations.

▪Production from the Groningen field in the Netherlands causes earthquakes that affect local communities.

▪We are exposed to treasury and trading risks, including liquidity risk, interest rate risk, foreign exchange risk and credit risk. We are affected by the global macroeconomic environment and the conditions of financial and commodity markets.

▪Our future performance depends on the successful development and deployment of new technologies and new products.

▪We have substantial pension commitments, the funding of which is subject to capital market risks and other factors.

▪We mainly self-insure our risk exposure. We could incur significant losses from different types of risks that are not covered by insurance from third-party insurers.

▪Many of our major projects and operations are conducted in joint arrangements or with associates. This could reduce our degree of control and our ability to identify and manage risks.

CONDUCT RISKS

▪We are exposed to commodity trading risks, including market and operational risks.

▪Violations of antitrust and competition laws carry fines and expose us and/or our employees to criminal sanctions and civil suits.

▪Violations of anti-bribery, tax-evasion and anti-money laundering laws carry fines and expose us and/or our employees to criminal sanctions, civil suits and ancillary consequences (such as debarment and the revocation of licences).

▪Violations of data protection laws carry fines and expose us and/or our employees to criminal sanctions and civil suits.

▪Violations of trade compliance laws and regulations, including sanctions, carry fines and expose us and our employees to criminal sanctions and civil suits.

OTHER (generally applicable to an investment in securities)

▪The Company’s Articles of Association determine the jurisdiction for shareholder disputes. This could limit shareholder remedies.



FIRST QUARTER 2021 PORTFOLIO DEVELOPMENTS

Integrated Gas

In March 2021, QGC Common Facilities Company Pty Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Shell, completed the sale of a 26.25% interest in the Queensland Curtis LNG (QCLNG) Common Facilities to Global Infrastructure Partners Australia for $2.5 billion, following the receipt of regulatory approval.

Upstream

In January 2021, Shell completed the sale of its 30% interest in Oil Mining Lease 17 in the Eastern Niger Delta, and associated infrastructure, to TNOG Oil and Gas Limited, a related company of Heirs Holdings Limited and  Transnational Corporation of Nigeria Plc, for a consideration of $533 million. A total of $453 million was paid by completion with the balance to be paid over an agreed period.




In February 2021, an agreement was reached with publicly listed Canadian energy company Crescent Point Energy Corp. to sell the Duvernay shale light oil position in Alberta, Canada. The transaction completed on April 1, 2021. The consideration received consisted of $533 million in cash and 50 million shares in Crescent Point Energy common stock (TSX: CPG) valued at $208 million based on the closing price on March 31, 2021.




In March 2021, Shell Egypt and one of its affiliates signed an agreement with a consortium made up of subsidiaries of Cheiron Petroleum Corporation and Cairn Energy plc to acquire Shell’s upstream assets in Egypt’s Western Desert for a base consideration of $646 million and additional payments of up to $280 million between 2021 and 2024, contingent on the oil price and the results of further exploration. The transaction is subject to government and regulatory approvals and is expected to complete in the second half of 2021.






RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT

It is confirmed that to the best of our knowledge: (a) the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board ("IASB") and as adopted by the UK; (b) the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rule (DTR) 4.2.7R (indication of important events during the first six months of the financial year, and their impact on the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements, and description of principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the financial year); and (c) the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.8R (disclosure of related parties transactions and changes thereto).

The Directors of Royal Dutch Shell plc are shown on pages 114-120 in the Annual Report and Accounts and on pages 89 to 94 in the Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020 save for the following changes:

Sir Andrew Mackenzie: appointed Company Chair with effect from the conclusion of the 2021 Annual General Meeting, held on May 18, 2021.




Jane Lute: appointed Non-executive Director with effect from May 19, 2021.




Charles O. Holliday: stepped down following the conclusion of the 2021 Annual General Meeting, held on May 18, 2021.




Sir Nigel Sheinwald: stepped down following the conclusion of the 2021 Annual General Meeting, held on May 18, 2021.




On behalf of the Board        

                             
Ben van Beurden    Jessica Uhl     
Chief Executive Officer    Chief Financial Officer     
July 29, 2021    July 29, 2021     




INDEPENDENT REVIEW REPORT TO ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC

Conclusion

We have been engaged by Royal Dutch Shell plc to review the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended June 30, 2021, which comprise the Consolidated Statement of Income, the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity, the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows and Notes 1 to 8. We have read the other information contained in the half-yearly financial report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the condensed set of financial statements.

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended June 30, 2021 are not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standard 34 and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority.

Basis for Conclusion

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements 2410 (UK and Ireland), "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" issued by the Auditing Practices Board. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

From 2021 the annual Consolidated Financial Statements of Royal Dutch Shell plc and its subsidiaries are prepared in accordance with UK adopted international accounting standards. The condensed set of financial statements included in the half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board and as adopted by the UK.

Directors’ responsibilities

The half-yearly financial report is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the Directors. The Directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority.

Our responsibility

In reviewing the half-yearly financial report, we are responsible for expressing to Royal Dutch Shell plc a conclusion on the condensed set of financial statements in the half-yearly financial report. Our conclusion, based on procedures that are less extensive than audit procedures, as described in the Basis for Conclusion paragraph of this report.

Use of our report

This report is made solely to Royal Dutch Shell plc in accordance with guidance contained in the International Standard on Review Engagements 2410 (UK and Ireland) "Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity" issued by the Auditing Practices Board. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than Royal Dutch Shell plc, for our work, for this report, or for the conclusions we have formed

Source: EvaluateEnergy® ©2022 EvaluateEnergy Ltd